Arminfo.info



 Wednesday, March 13 2024 11:48
Alexandr Avanesov

Crossroads of Peace project divorced from reality 

Crossroads of Peace project divorced from reality 

ArmInfo.The 'Crossroads of Peace' initiative proposed by the Armenian authorities is a project divorced from reality, since any desire to achieve peace and implement it ''on earth'' must be the result of the manifestation of the will of all participants in the conflict, both direct and indirect. About this in a conversation with the correspondent, Doctor of Political Sciences Vahe Davtyan told ArmInfo.

"Today we see the opposite picture, when, in parallel with the  pacifist slogans heard from Yerevan, Baku is developing militaristic  rhetoric at the highest level, demonstrating its readiness to solve  problems with Armenia, including transport, through the use of force.  This is firstly. Secondly, Baku and Ankara have an extremely  fragmented approach to unblocking communications in the region, by  which they mainly understand the establishment of transport links  along the Ordubad-Meghri-Horadiz line, providing access to the  Armenian railway network through Yeraskh. As we see, we are talking  about a corridor, in the understanding of the Turkish-Azerbaijani  tandem - extraterritorial. Finally, thirdly, it is important to  evaluate the logistics of the ''Crossroads of Peace''. The project  includes a road from Sotok to Yeraskh, which, if there is a road  through Meghri, can create strategic risks for the south of Armenia.  Remember the Danzig, or Polish corridor in the interval between the  two world wars and try to extrapolate it to our realities," he said.

He expressed doubts about the feasibility of this project, since  Ankara and Baku are aimed at opening communications only through the  south of Armenia. As for other, more promising areas from an economic  point of view, as the professor noted, after the war of 2020 they are  practically not being considered. Thus, the issue of launching a  railway connection along the Ijevan-Gazakh line, which in Soviet  times was the shortest route through the north-east of Armenia to  Azerbaijan and further along the Baku-Derbend line to Russia, is not  addressed. Turkish official rhetoric also lacks theses about the  Kars-Gyumri railway, the unblocking of which was discussed during the  period of "football diplomacy".

"The reason for the latter is clear: by implementing the  Kars-Igdir-Nakhijevan railway project, Ankara aims to provide access  to Azerbaijan through the pushing "Zangezur corridor". Turkey now has  no practical need for a separate line with Armenia. Even all attempts  by Yerevan through repairs work on the Margara border bridge shows a  focus on opening communications. Ankara reacts by limiting its  airspace for Armenian airlines," the political scientist emphasized.

He added that the "Zangezur corridor" is the only thing that Ankara  and Baku understand today by "unblocking communications". By  providing land communication between themselves via the Baku-  Tbilisi-Kars railway, as well as through Iranian infrastructure,  Ankara and Baku are aimed at forming an extraterritorial corridor  through the south of Armenia, primarily with the aim of developing  military- strategic cooperation, and more specifically, the  unhindered implementation of military transportation for the  militarization of Nakhijevan with the formation of a full-fledged  Turkish military base there - a potential springboard against Iran.  Realizing this, Iran is doing its best to prevent the formation of  the "Zangezur Corridor", offering the parties the so-called ''Araks  Corridor'' - almost the same logistics, only along the Iranian bank  of the Araks River. "In parallel with this, Tehran has repeatedly  expressed the advisability of developing the transport infrastructure  of Armenia along the North-South line.

For this purpose, the concept of the "Caucasian Corridor" was  developed, designed to provide a multimodal connection between the  Persian Gulf and the Black Sea. In general, it is important to  understand that today Ankara and Baku have a relatively favorable  situation for advancing their transport claims. Because of the war  between Israel and Hamas, the Middle East Corridor project, which  should connect India with the south of Europe through the UAE and  Israel, bypassing Turkey, has actually been frozen (remember  Erdogan's statement that not a single major transport infrastructure  in this macro-region can bypass Turkey). In these conditions, the  West needs to diversify its routes to the Caspian Sea and further to  Central Asia. The so-called ''Zangezur corridor''. Why not mentioned  Baku-Tbilisi-Kars? Yes, because this railway is integrated into the  Chinese mega-project "Belt and Road". Also, given the energy problems  in Europe, Ankara and Baku periodically declare their readiness to  build a gas pipeline through the Zangezur Corridor, as well as a  power transmission line to the west. In a word, diplomatic maneuvers  are quite interesting, and responding to them with a "Crossroads of  Peace" is at least infantile," the political scientist concluded.

At the end of October 2023, Prime Minister of the Republic of Armenia  Nikol Pashinyan in Tbilisi at an international forum for the first  time presented the "Crossroads of Peace" project, which, in fact, is  the Armenian version of the project to unblock communications in the  region after the 44-day war in Artsakh.  This is one of the  components of the process of establishing lasting peace in the South  Caucasus, and if implemented, it could change the status of Armenia,  helping it emerge from isolation and become a logistics hub in the  region. This was an attempt by Armenia, on the one hand, to counter  Azerbaijan's accusations against the Armenian side of preventing the  unblocking of communication channels, and on the other hand, to  finally formulate its own agenda in a changing region, defending its  importance in the context of the implementation of large  international logistics projects.

At the same time, taking into account the specific approach of  Azerbaijan and Turkey to the launch of logistics and economic  communications through the territory of Armenia, which presuppose the  presence of extraterritorial parameters, official Yerevan also  presented the principles of using regional infrastructure in one  package. There are only four of them, but the first two are vital for  Armenia, concerning the status of these communications and control  over them. According to Armenia, "all infrastructure, including  roads, railways and air routes, pipelines, cables, power lines must  function within the framework of the sovereignty and jurisdiction of  the countries through whose territory they pass." And secondly, Prime  Minister Pashinyan, speaking in Tbilisi, emphasized that each country  "through its state institutions exercises border and customs control,  and also ensures the security of infrastructures, including the  passage of goods, vehicles and people through them." This is  especially important against the backdrop of recently intensified  discussions on the issue of control over the railway and roads that  will be built from Azerbaijan to Nakhijevan through the territory of  Armenia. Of course, they did not arise out of nowhere, but stem from  paragraph 9 of the tripartite statement of November 9, 2020.  According to this statement, all economic and transport connections  in the region must be unblocked, and Armenia will guarantee "the  security of transport communications from Azerbaijan to Nakhijevan,  which must be under the control of the Border Service of the FSB of  Russia."  

POST A COMMENT
Input digits     

News
Payment for Schengen visa for Armenian citizens to remain unchanged Payment for Schengen visa for Armenian citizens to remain unchanged 
Law-enforcers searching Stepanakert mayor`s home Law-enforcers searching Stepanakert mayor`s home 
Armenian premier`s security service remove journalist from school  building Armenian premier`s security service remove journalist from school  building 
Armenia supports Estonia in border incident with Russia - Estonian FMArmenia supports Estonia in border incident with Russia - Estonian FM
Armenian premier`s helicopter makes emergency landing in VanadzorArmenian premier`s helicopter makes emergency landing in Vanadzor
President confers military ranks on high-ranking officers President confers military ranks on high-ranking officers 
Azerbaijani, German FMs discuss Armenian-Azerbaijani peace process Azerbaijani, German FMs discuss Armenian-Azerbaijani peace process 
Martakert mayor detained Martakert mayor detained 
Azerbaijan increases military budget Azerbaijan increases military budget 
Armenia`s premier speaks of Real Armenia in his message Armenia`s premier speaks of Real Armenia in his message 
Armenia`s authorities resorting to pressure and disinformation in  dealing with Church - AACArmenia`s authorities resorting to pressure and disinformation in  dealing with Church - AAC
RA Human Rights Defender`s Office responds to video footage of  harassment of French- Armenian journalistRA Human Rights Defender`s Office responds to video footage of  harassment of French- Armenian journalist
Armenia`s top security official receives Louis BonoArmenia`s top security official receives Louis Bono
EU Ambassador to Armenia was presented with results of work carried out at Margara checkpoint on Armenian-Turkish borderEU Ambassador to Armenia was presented with results of work carried out at Margara checkpoint on Armenian-Turkish border
Minister of Health: process of introducing comprehensive health  insurance continues at high paceMinister of Health: process of introducing comprehensive health  insurance continues at high pace
Director of Pentagon`s DTRA CTR Directorate visits YerevanDirector of Pentagon`s DTRA CTR Directorate visits Yerevan
Davutoglu: Turkiye should quickly regulate its relations with ArmeniaDavutoglu: Turkiye should quickly regulate its relations with Armenia
Azerbaijan, which destroys monuments, urges UNESCO to `save` Kond -  StatementAzerbaijan, which destroys monuments, urges UNESCO to `save` Kond - Statement
Moscow accuses West of trying to undermine peace in  South CaucasusMoscow accuses West of trying to undermine peace in  South Caucasus
Zatulin: Pashinyan is trying to put all responsibility for losing war  with Azerbaijan in NK on RussiaZatulin: Pashinyan is trying to put all responsibility for losing war  with Azerbaijan in NK on Russia
Moscow: Baku -Tehran normalization will have positive impact on South  Caucasus Moscow: Baku -Tehran normalization will have positive impact on South  Caucasus 
Anahit Avanesyan: It was Center`s management that considered it  expedient to terminate employment contract with Dr. DanielyanAnahit Avanesyan: It was Center`s management that considered it  expedient to terminate employment contract with Dr. Danielyan
"My dear, my beloved, guess for yourself": Zakharova comments with  song lyrics on Pashinyan`s accusations against two CSTO countries 
Arthur Hovhannisyan: Church has territories that can be used for  various needs of stateArthur Hovhannisyan: Church has territories that can be used for  various needs of state
Threat to Armenian-Iranian relations must be neutralized - clergyman Threat to Armenian-Iranian relations must be neutralized - clergyman 
No-confidence vote in Armenia`s government depends on results of  Tavush for Motherland movement No-confidence vote in Armenia`s government depends on results of  Tavush for Motherland movement 
Vardan Azatyan appointed rector of State Academy of Fine Arts Vardan Azatyan appointed rector of State Academy of Fine Arts 
Charles Aznavour sang about our sorrows and dreams - Emmanuel Macron Charles Aznavour sang about our sorrows and dreams - Emmanuel Macron 
The President of Turkmenistan received the Secretary General of the CISThe President of Turkmenistan received the Secretary General of the CIS
U.S. considering Armenia`s requests for assistance U.S. considering Armenia`s requests for assistance 
Charles Aznavour square opened in Paris Charles Aznavour square opened in Paris 
Armenian Assembly of America reinforces $250mln aid package for  Armenia in key House Committee testimonyArmenian Assembly of America reinforces $250mln aid package for  Armenia in key House Committee testimony
Tavush for Motherland determined to put end to Tavush for Motherland determined to put end to "endless humiliation  of Armenia" 
Expert comments on Armenian premier`s statement Expert comments on Armenian premier`s statement 
All programmes aimed at development of Armenian-Iranian relations to  be continuous - Mohammad MokhberAll programmes aimed at development of Armenian-Iranian relations to  be continuous - Mohammad Mokhber
Reincarnator of King Pap, does not say single bad word against  Azerbaijan and Turkiye - expert on Pashinyan`s statementsReincarnator of King Pap, does not say single bad word against  Azerbaijan and Turkiye - expert on Pashinyan`s statements
 Archbishop about Pashinyan: people born by chance cannot be bearers  of statehood Archbishop about Pashinyan: people born by chance cannot be bearers  of statehood
Leader of Leader of "Tavush for Motherland" movement intends to hold meetings  with  Armenia`s  ex-presidents 
Prime Minister: King Pap will no longer be killed, just as Republic  of Armenia will not be killedPrime Minister: King Pap will no longer be killed, just as Republic  of Armenia will not be killed
Armenia`s CEC head presents Armenian experience of combating  disinformation to OIF delegatesArmenia`s CEC head presents Armenian experience of combating  disinformation to OIF delegates
Not a single millimeter of sovereign territory of Armenia was  transferred to Azerbaijan during delimitation, Pashinyan assuresNot a single millimeter of sovereign territory of Armenia was  transferred to Azerbaijan during delimitation, Pashinyan assures
Armenia`s PM: I personally know about participation in preparations  for war against us at least two CSTO countriesArmenia`s PM: I personally know about participation in preparations  for war against us at least two CSTO countries
USSR General Staff`s 1976 maps are very important in further  strengthening of Armenia`s independence and sovereignty: PashinyanUSSR General Staff`s 1976 maps are very important in further  strengthening of Armenia`s independence and sovereignty: Pashinyan
Minister: This year, there will hardly be a need to draw additional  water from Lake SevanMinister: This year, there will hardly be a need to draw additional  water from Lake Sevan
AAC taxation issue continues to remain open - Prime MinisterAAC taxation issue continues to remain open - Prime Minister
Minister: construction of new roads leading to village of Kirants has  begunMinister: construction of new roads leading to village of Kirants has  begun
Serzh Sargsyan: if available opportunities are properly used,   movement that has gained momentum will succeedSerzh Sargsyan: if available opportunities are properly used,   movement that has gained momentum will succeed
AraratBank completes placement of bonds ahead of scheduleAraratBank completes placement of bonds ahead of schedule
"We must be able to secure our interests on our own", Iranian Supreme  Leader to Armenia`s Premier
Programs outlined by Pashinyan and Raeisi to be long term ones,  Iran`s Acting President assures Programs outlined by Pashinyan and Raeisi to be long term ones,  Iran`s Acting President assures 
Norway, Ireland and Spain intend to recognize Palestinian stateNorway, Ireland and Spain intend to recognize Palestinian state
NATO experts held course at Vazgen Sargsyan Military AcademyNATO experts held course at Vazgen Sargsyan Military Academy
Zakharova to Simonyan: Why do those whom Westerners begin to direct  literally demonized?Zakharova to Simonyan: Why do those whom Westerners begin to direct  literally demonized?
Armenia, Azerbaijan continue dialogue on territorial integrity - Alen  SimonyanArmenia, Azerbaijan continue dialogue on territorial integrity - Alen  Simonyan
Charles Aznavour is 100 Charles Aznavour is 100 
Iranian president`s death not to shake it as regional superpower -  expert  Iranian president`s death not to shake it as regional superpower -  expert  
Azerbaijan continues destroying Armenians` property Azerbaijan continues destroying Armenians` property 
Armenia must become powerful and independent state - MPArmenia must become powerful and independent state - MP
Proposed taxation of AAC attempt of political pressure - ex-official Proposed taxation of AAC attempt of political pressure - ex-official 
ANCA Congressional Testimony calls for $200mln aid for Artsakh  refugees; sanctions for Azerbaijani war crimesANCA Congressional Testimony calls for $200mln aid for Artsakh  refugees; sanctions for Azerbaijani war crimes
Read more



Commented