ArmInfo.The issue with the enclaves has not yet been resolved, Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan said on May 24 during a government hour in parliament, commenting on his own statement on May 22 that the territory of Azerbaijan with an area of 86.6 thousand square km also includes the so-called enclaves.
According to Pashinyan, the topic of enclaves has always been present at the political level. "In the published document on the exchange of territories in 1999, article 4 or 5 is on enclaves," he said. The issue, according to the prime minister, must be considered both in the political and legal context. < In the political context, there were conversations in Munich and Brussels, about whether we recognize the existence of enclaves, that is, the presence of Artsvashen, which belongs, belonged to Armenia, and the enclaves that are now on the territory of the Republic of Armenia, which belonged to Azerbaijan. Yes, at the political level we recognize this, while a number of issues remain in the legal field, at least in relation to a number of enclaves>, he said.
After we fix that Armenia and Azerbaijan recognize each other's territorial integrity of 29.8 thousand sq. km and 86.6 thousand sq. km. accordingly, the question of enclaves arises, Pashinyan emphasizes. At the same time, as the head of the RA Security Council noted, as soon as the de jure status of the enclaves is confirmed, several options for solving the problem will arise. So, perhaps after the signing of the peace agreement, the enclaves will remain part of the country on territory of which they are located, or there will be an exchange of territories remaining "along that line" of the delimited border - with an accuracy of up to one kilometer
, the prime minister said, noting that there are numerous subtleties, but also a huge field for maneuvers. "Nothing has been decided yet, there are thoughts, various ideas, none of them will be rejected," Nikol Pashinyan concluded.
Azerbaijani enclaves in Armenia are located in the Tavush and Ararat regions. These are the villages of Baghanis-Ayrum, Nerkin Voskepar (Ashagi Askipara) and Verin Voskepar (Yukhari Askipara), Barkhudarly, Sofulu, and Tigranashen (Kyarki) These settlements passed to Armenia as a result of the war in the 1990s, during the first Karabakh war. The village of Artsvashen, in turn, came under the control of Baku.
Many Armenian experts have repeatedly warned about the danger of enclave exchange between Armenia and Azerbaijan from a strategic point of view, since when exchanging enclaves, we will have serious problems with interstate roads. In particular, we are talking about an enclave in the Ararat region (Tigranashen), where the M2 interstate highway passes, connecting the south and north of the country and Armenia with Iran, and two more are in the Tavush region. The same situation is in the north-east, in Tavush region, in a very difficult winding area with two former enclaves. There is an interstate highway connecting Armenia to Georgia through Ijevan, Noyemberyan, and Bagratashen.
Meanwhile, Artsvashen, which is slightly smaller than the total area of the three enclaves in its territory, does not occupy any strategic area, on the contrary, it is completely surrounded by Azerbaijani territory.