ArmInfo. Baku's statements on delimitation and demarcation between Armenia and Azerbaijan based on historical maps violate the commitments made in Prague and Sochi to carry out delimitation work between the two countries on the basis of the UN Charter and the Alma-Ata Declaration. Armenian Foreign Minister Ararat Mirzoyan stated this in an interview with Armenpress.
When asked to assess Baku's statements that Yerevan refused the meeting in Brussels, Mirzoyan reminded that an agreement was reached regarding the next meeting during the quadrilateral meeting held in Prague.
"We continue to adhere to this agreement and once again express our readiness to organize a meeting within a reasonable time between the Prime Minister of Armenia, the President of Azerbaijan, the President of France and the President of the European Council. We believe that the meeting in Prague in this format was quite effective and important in the context of the process of normalization of relations between Armenia and Azerbaijan. The Armenian side is still interested in normalizing relations," the RA Foreign Minister stressed.
To clarify what is Yerevan's position on the issue of the delimitation of the Armenian-Azerbaijani border, taking into account that Baku insists on conducting this process on the basis of historical maps, Mirzoyan stressed that this position violates previous commitments.
"Such statements violate the obligations taken in Prague and Sochi to conduct delimitation work between the two countries on the basis of the UN Charter and the Alma-Ata Declaration. Within the framework of this obligation, delimitation work should be carried out on the basis of legal acts that existed at the time of the collapse of the USSR in 1991 and had legal force and significance, while on the basis of official documents, bodies having the appropriate authority to conduct mapping, make maps and publish maps as of the same period. Accordingly, talk of historical maps is at least incomprehensible both by definition and content," the diplomat said.
The head of the Armenian Foreign Ministry also considered it important to point out the danger of the general rhetoric of historical maps "for the independence of our countries, because if we focus on historical maps, it may turn out that the territories of both the Republic of Armenia, and even more so the Republic of Azerbaijan, were the territories of other states for centuries. "
"In this regard, I would like to draw attention to one more circumstance: although following the results of both the Sochi meeting of November 26, 2021, and the Brussels meeting of April 6, 2022, an agreement was reached that the formation of commissions is primarily aimed at ensuring border security , after the formation of the relevant commissions, in September 2022, a new aggression was carried out against the Republic of Armenia and Azerbaijan occupied new territories, which calls into question not only Baku's desire to comply with agreements and international law, but also its intentions regarding the work of these commissions as a whole," the chief diplomat of Armenia said.
In response to the remark that the President of Azerbaijan claims that Armenia has recognized the territorial integrity of the Azerbaijan Republic, Mirzoyan recalled that Yerevan had repeatedly spoken out on this issue. "But in his speeches, constantly mentioning that Armenia recognized the territorial integrity of Azerbaijan, the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan never said that Baku also recognized the territorial integrity of Armenia. Do this fact and the mention of various "historical" maps mean that Azerbaijan does not recognize the territorial integrity of the integrity of Armenia and has claims to the territory of the Republic of Armenia?
The President of Azerbaijan also states that peace has been established around his country and there is no danger of escalation, then, answering another question, he states that if Armenia does not sign a peace treaty, there will be no peace. This means that the President of Azerbaijan from now on takes responsibility for any possible escalation, especially since Armenia is fully involved in substantive discussions on establishing peace," the Armenian minister added.
Asked to assess the current work on the preparation of a peace agreement, Mirzoyan noted that Armenia submitted its proposals to Azerbaijan on the settlement of relations or a draft peace treaty and received their answers only the day before. "So the discussions continue. We hope to reach an agreement on this issue as soon as possible, and the mediation efforts of our international partners can also play an important role in this process," the minister said.
Referring to the current situation in the region as a whole, Mirzoyan stated with regret that, despite the ongoing negotiations in various areas, Azerbaijan's maximalist and militaristic statements, unfounded accusations against the Armenian side and threats to use force do not stop.
"In addition, the Azerbaijani armed forces continue to be in the sovereign territory of the Republic of Armenia, and provocative military operations are regularly carried out by Azerbaijan.
The combination of all of these facts shows that the situation remains extremely tense, and all our international partners must make additional efforts to curb Azerbaijan's ambitions and preserve the fragile peace in the South Caucasus.
The Armenian side, as before, is ready to make every effort to find mutually acceptable solutions and establish long-term and lasting peace in the region," Mirzoyan concluded.