ArmInfo.The cold war between Russian and the West will, beyond doubt, transform their geopolitical rivalry in different regions - even with new configurations, Victor Nadein-Raevskiy, Senior Researcher at the Institute of World Economy and International Relations of the Russian Academy of Sciences, said in an interview with ArmInfo.
"It is clear it is Ukraine and all the developments surrounding it that is the reason and basis for such configurations. Specifically, before the Ukraine crisis, even amid trained relations Russia, the West recognized the South Caucasus a region under Russian influence. So it was cooperating with Moscow as the principal mediator in the Nagorno-Karabakh peace process. But we do not see this configuration now, and the West is positioning itself as the principal external actor both in the region and in the conflict," Mr Nadein-Raevskiy.
The disturbed geopolitical balance in the South Caucasus is an accomplished fact, he said. In this context, the expert points out Moscow's attempts to cope with the sanctions-caused shock. Weaker Russia is to the advantage of all actors, primarily Turkey. So Mr Nadein-Raevskiy finds it difficult to speak of any of the mediators' chances to independently prepare a peace agreement between Armenia and Azerbaijan.
In any case, it is at least too early to disregard Russia's role, as even the war will not make Russia forget it national security interests and allow the European Union to become the only mediator in the South Caucasus. So the EU and Russia will go on rivaling for influence in the region.
"Moscow has displayed its determination to push ahead with its own mediation in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict and in all that has to do with a peace agreement between the conflicting parties. And its success depends on Yerevan and Baku as well, while these could well continue their negotiations under the EU auspices - especially in the context of promised financial injections into the region. But Russia has its own instruments and mechanisms and, I think, Moscow is capable of torpedoing any process that would be in conflict with its interests," Mr Nadein-Raevskiy said.