ArmInfo. The Armenian-Azerbaijani military conflict marked the defeat of international law, multilateralism and attempts to resolve conflicts by diplomatic means.
This was stated by the former OSCE Special Representative for the South Caucasus Gunter Bechler (Switzerland) during an online discussion organized by the German Society for the Study of Eastern Europe, DW reports. The Russian leadership, in turn, as Bechler put it, "fantastically" used the opportunity that presented itself to strengthen their positions in the region, and as a result, both sides of the conflict got what they least wanted - the peacekeeping troops of Russia.
In turn, the EU, in the opinion of the Swiss diplomat, risks once again "losing" the South Caucasus. In Armenia, he pointed out, after the defeat in the war for Karabakh, the "democratic experiment" of the Pashinyan government, which came to power as a result of peaceful protests in 2018, was under attack. At the same time, Georgia is experiencing another internal political aggravation after the parliamentary elections, which were held on October 31. As for Azerbaijan, according to Behler, an authoritarian regime has already been established. The former OSCE Special Representative in the region believes that, unlike Russia, neither the EU nor the United States is ready to play a more prominent role in the region.
Bechler admitted that during his work as OSCE special envoy in 2016-2018, "I could not even imagine" that it would come to hostilities. He is confident that this "completely unnecessary war" could have been avoided if the negotiation process remained within the framework of the OSCE Minsk Group. Gunther Bechler noted the extreme importance of a ceasefire and the deployment of Russian peacekeepers along the line of contact in Karabakh. At the same time, he drew attention to the fact that the issue of legitimizing the deployment of Russian peacekeepers in the region from the point of view of international law is open - it is unclear, for example, whether a UN Security Council resolution or an OSCE resolution on sending a Russian peacekeeping contingent to the conflict zone will be adopted.
Also open is the question of whether the work on the discussion future status of Nagorno-Karabakh within the framework of the OSCE Minsk Group. How the diplomat put it, the fighting stopped, but there were open questions more than there were before the war. At first a low-key reaction Russian authorities in the fighting in Karabakh Behler regarded as part of the intent aimed at exacerbating the situation to such an extent that would allow the "strong neighbor" to intervene in the conflict and impose his will on both sides. The Swiss diplomat has no doubts that the ceasefire agreement signed on the night of November 10 will have far-reaching consequences not only for Armenia and Azerbaijan, but also for Turkey, including because of the transport corridor between Nakhichevan and Azerbaijan, which was agreed by the parties. will allow Turkish exporters to send their goods to China by a shorter route, bypassing Georgia.