ArmInfo.The Yerevan accents of the visit of the Iranian President's special envoy Abbas Arakchi, in my opinion, will play a decisive role in the prospects for the implementation of Tehran's initiatives towards the settlement of the Karabakh conflict. A similar opinion was expressed to ArmInfo by Fyodor Lukyanov, Scientific Director of the Valdai International Discussion Club.
On October 27, Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif said that Iran had drawn up a plan for the final settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, which will be presented one of these days and will be implemented later in Moscow and Yerevan. At the same time, the Iranian President's special envoy, Deputy Foreign Minister Abbas Arakchi is visiting Russia, Azerbaijan, Armenia and Turkey to resolve the Karabakh conflict.
"The reasons for Tehran's similar initiative are on the surface. This is its own security - the conflict takes place directly on its northern borders, threatening the population and infrastructures. Another factor is geopolitics. Iran seeks to strengthen its own position in the region through cooperation with neighboring countries," he said.
In this light, the geography of Arakchi's voyage, according to the analyst, testifies to Iran's desire to act in one bundle in Russia and Turkey, bypassing the OSCE Minsk Group. In other words, Tehran is trying to act in Karabakh according to the Syrian model in the Astana, guaranteeing negotiations, trilateral format. And if Tehran's plans are implemented, the role of the West, in particular the United States, in the region will significantly decrease, which is entirely based on the interests of Iran.
Commenting on the prospects for the implementation of the Iranian settlement program, the analyst conditioned them by the still unpublished content of the package. According to him, the success of Tehran in the settlement can only be the result of the balance of its proposals to the parties to the conflict. And the same statements Arakchi's Baku statements are already unacceptable for Yerevan. At the same time, Lukyanov does not exclude completely different statements from the mouth of the Iranian special envoy in Yerevan.
"At this stage, I assess the likelihood of the success of the Iranian mission as very low - there are too many questions and problems. In addition, one of the parties may well disagree with the prospect of weakening the format of the OSCE Minsk Group. A big question is the acceptability of Turkey, which has declared itself a party to the conflict, in the settlement in the role of a mediator for Armenia. And of course, much in these prospects depends on the position of the West itself, "Lukyanov summed up. On October 29, upon arriving in Moscow for the talks, Iranian special envoy Abbas Arakchi stated that the main goal of Iran's proposal is to end the crisis in Nagorno-Karabakh. And the most important features are its regional approach and realism. "Almost 30 years have passed since the creation of the Minsk Group, and this group was unable to find a lasting solution to this issue, it proved its inability. Some countries of this group are not in the region at all and have nothing to do with this crisis," he said.