ArmInfo. Lack of relations with Turkey is a challenge for Armenia, a threat to its national security. On January 22, RA Foreign Minister Zohrab Mnatsakanyan stated this from the rostrum of the Armenian parliament, answering the question of the National Assembly MP Taron Simonyan about the steps that Yerevan is taking to access to the seas, including the Turkish seas.
As the Minister emphasized, a working group has been formed within the UN, consisting of representatives from more than 30 countries of the world, which works in this direction. However, the lack of relations with Turkey does not allow implementing the provisions of international treaties. "This is one of the most pressing issues on the national security agenda," said Zohrab Mnatsakanyan. He noted that the Armenian side is making efforts to resolve the issue in the legal field. The Minister did not exclude the appearance of the post of deputy minister for legal affairs, who would deal with such issues. Moreover, the solution of the issue in the legal field must be compared with the political component, and appropriate calculations for the implementation of specific actions should be carried out.
It should be noted that back in 2011, Armenia signed a multilateral agreement <On the establishment of an analytical center on the problems of landlocked developing countries>. Under this agreement, an analytical center should be created to study the possibilities of more active involvement of landlocked countries in international trade, and to facilitate the process of providing them with financial and technical support in solving urgent problems through ongoing cooperation with the UN. However, based on the development of the situation, we can conclude that the results of this work did not give the desired result.
To recall, earlier the UN adopted a resolution welcoming the idea of creating an international think tank. Landlocked developing countries with a combined population of over 470 million are one of the most vulnerable groups of countries around the world. This heterogeneous group of 32 countries located on four continents unites this difficulty in overcoming the problems caused by their geographical position and remoteness from the nearest seaports. Due to the large distances from the sea and the need for transit through neighboring countries, combined with burdensome border crossing procedures and inadequate transit and transport infrastructure, landlocked developing countries face disproportionately high costs associated with transportation and trade. This undermines their competitiveness and affects economic growth.