ArmInfo. In a parliamentary republic, the question of political parties is of particular importance. This was announced on November 21 during discussions on the draft law "On Parties".
So, according to the coordinator of the working group for the development of the document, the deputy of the National Assembly from the ruling faction "My Step" Amazasp Danielyan, as of today, the draft law is 80-85% ready. The main thing, according to him, is a consensus with all parliamentary factions. Moreover, in addition to the law "On Parties", there is a need to amend the Electoral Code, the Code of Administrative Offenses, the Criminal Code. According to preliminary estimates, business and politics will be separated from each other, and transparency and predictability in the activities of parties should be increased which is necessary to increase public confidence in these institutions, approaches to party financing are also being reviewed, and the functions of control bodies are being strengthened. According to the deputy of the National Assembly from the Enlightened Armenia faction Karen Simonyan, the package provides for the settlement of issues related to the registration of parties and the development of their internal democracy. Parties, according to the deputy, should become an institutional body, for how strong are parties, so is democracy. And in this context, the role of public control over their activities is extremely important. In turn, the expert of the Anti-Corruption Center "Transparency International" Khachik Harutyunyan believes that for the country that has chosen the parliamentary form of government, the law "On Parties" should become even higher than the Constitution of the Republic of Armenia. In his conviction, the majority of parties in Armenia rely solely on individuals in their activities. According to the expert, it is important to create equal starting conditions for party financing, strengthen public control mechanisms, increase public confidence in parties and exclude opportunities for their illegal financing, especially external. Earlier, lawyer Armen Mazmanyan at parliamentary hearings on the law "On Parties" noted that in the near future a bill on electoral system reform will be presented to the public. According to him, one of the most important blocks of this reform is the financing of political parties, the reduction of corruption risks, as well as the separation of party activities and business. In particular, it was decided to register the party with at least 300 members against 800 at present. Moreover, the representation of parties in the regions of the country should be at least one quarter. Parties will now be banned from doing business. The document provides for the provision of state assistance to parties. In particular, the state guarantees the provision of offices in the regions of the country to the political forces represented in parliament. In addition, the government will increase the volume of state financial assistance by 5-10 times for all parties without exception. The provision regarding the suspension of their activities in the event of non-participation in two or more general elections is deleted from the current law. The activities of parties may be suspended in exceptional cases. The executive body of each party will be a Council of at least 5 members. Moreover, the prevalence in the composition of the Council of one sex over the other should not exceed 70%. Donations can be accepted exclusively by bank transfer. In order to control the flow of financial resources during the electoral processes, a special body is to be created.