Friday, May 3 2019 21:43
David Stepanyan

Hrachya Arzumanyan: There are three scenarios of Artsakh settlement in the 21st century

Hrachya Arzumanyan: There are three scenarios of Artsakh settlement in the 21st century

ArmInfo.In an interview with ArmInfo, expert on military and national security issues Hrachya Arzumanyan discourses upon and justifies the need to revise the principles for the settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict as inconsistent with the security architecture of the 21st century. He brings arguments in support of his own vision of the settlement based on three possible scenarios.

The meetings of the leaders and foreign ministers of Armenia and Azerbaijan, which have intensified over the past year, seemingly are leading towards the elaboration of a new negotiating agenda and a resumption of negotiation process stalled in the recent years. Do you think that the Madrid principles worked out in 2007 correspond to this situation?

 

Apparently, the revision of the principles of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict settlement is a necessity. I state this through the prism of my own assessment of the possibilities of settlement on the basis of the Madrid principles. In this light, it is necessary to recognize that these principles do not correspond to the security environment of the 21st century. First of all due to the fact, that in this environment the meaning and sense of the very concept of “settlement” is changing. And in this light, we have to speak not in terms of a final settlement, but in terms of the process, which would be acceptable, allow controlling the conflict, restraining it within certain limits.

Within the framework of such a process, the main goal of the players involved is to prevent the chaotization of the territory in which the conflict takes place. The international community is interested in the existence in the given territory of subjects who will be ready to assume and ensure the basic functions of state administration. At the same time, issues of international legitimacy and recognition, while continuing to play an important role, are no longer regarded as decisive.

In the conditions of a turbulent security environment and narrow horizons of strategic foresight, long-term planning attempts are groundless. As a result, the philosophy of the Madrid principles, which implies a final and complete settlement within the framework of a multi-stage plan, is inadequate to the existing realities.

 

And what is the alternative to the principles, in your opinion?

In my opinion, in these conditions it makes sense to think about the philosophy of "small steps" and the corresponding principles and strategies. The goal of the settlement in this case is the movement towards solving local and particular problems in small steps and avoiding actions and initiatives that may destabilize the situation.

Within the framework of such an approach, a strategy developed on measures to build trust at the local level with the involvement of the forces and capabilities of actors of the regional security system seems promising. In this case, geopolitical centers of power and security guarantors need to solve a less costly and simpler task: accompany and monitor processes, facilitate the implementation of steps and initiatives that do not require a radical review of the existing regional security system.

It is important to understand that this is not about the conservation of conflict, which is fraught with an increase in internal tension and an explosion, but small changes and balancing on the edge of what is possible and acceptable to societies. Thus, both individual societies and the regional security system as a whole are pushed towards evolutionary, rather than revolutionary, development. In this sense, we can talk about an ecological, holistic approach to the development of the regional security system of the South Caucasus.

Do you think that in their current state, Armenia, Artsakh and Azerbaijan are able to solve such a task without external intervention?

In any case, priority should be given to the ability of the states of the region to maintain the regional security system of the South Caucasus without the direct participation of the centers of power. In conditions of limited resources, the presence of a large number of conflicts, initiatives envisaging direct and actual intervention of external actors should be recognized as impractical. In my opinion, even at present, the states of the region are able to provide regional balance, being security providers.

Taking security functions directly by the centers of power will inevitably turn the countries of the region from providers into security consumers, for which these countries will have to pay a very high price in all senses. In this light, it is necessary to sufficiently soberly evaluate the currently available alternatives and scenarios of a possible future for the region. New initiatives can either strive to maintain the existing balance and status quo, or trigger an escalation of tensions. Until an acceptable level of trust is reached in the region, which allows the opposing sides to think about reducing the level of hostility, discourse on any other alternatives should be considered as detached from reality.

The general background and atmosphere are understandable. Let's talk about specific scenarios and, of course, the principles of settlement. Is there a threat of large-scale hostilities? In Armenia, and especially in Russia, such a scenario is often forecasted...

Taking into account the abovementioned, one can speak of three settlement scenarios around Artsakh, each of which will be based on its own principles.

As regards the implementation of the scenario of large-scale hostilities, I can say that their unfolding with a high degree of probability will lead to a regional war. And in this war, both regional and geopolitical centers of power will be involved. I do not think that such a scenario today is in anyone’s interests, including Azerbaijan.

 

Accordingly, the second scenario, according to which the parties to the Karabakh conflict simply recognize the prevailing realities as given, is seen in a much more real light. The fact is that in its present form the conflict around Artsakh emerged at the stage of the creation of the USSR. Overcoming international isolation and striving for international recognition, the Soviet Union transferred Artsakh and Nakhijevan to the Azerbaijan SSR in the framework of establishing relations with Turkey. After that, in 1923, the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Region was established on a part of the territory of Artsakh. In 1991, the USSR collapsed and the Azerbaijani Republic recognized by the international community and the unrecognized Artsakh Republic were established on the territory of the former Azerbaijan SSR. The existing line of contact between Artsakh and Azerbaijan is the result of hostilities. It is also recorded in the armistice agreement concluded through the mediation of Russia in May 1994 by Artsakh, Azerbaijan and Armenia. In this scenario, the parties recognize the long-term situation of the dynamic status quo and efforts are being made to design it within the framework of international law.

Does the new Armenia’s initiative regarding the return of Stepanakert to the negotiating table fit into such a format? The logic you described seems to suggest just that ...

The steps in this direction should involve the restoration of the distorted format of the negotiations and the return of Artsakh as one of the main parties to the conflict along with Azerbaijan. At the same time, Armenia reassumes the role of the security guarantor of Artsakh, and not a party to the conflict.

Of course, the main problem of this scenario is the conviction or coercion of Azerbaijan by the international community to once again agree with the recognition of Artsakh as a party to the conflict. Recognition as the main state actor with whom Baku is negotiating without unleashing large-scale hostilities, as it was in 1992-94.

In this case, the settlement around Artsakh boils down to solving two interrelated problems. The first one is finding a way to formalize the status of Artsakh as a state entity within the framework of international law. The second is the clarification of the borders between Azerbaijan and Artsakh. It is important that decisions within the framework of this scenario are limited to the territory of the former Azerbaijan SSR and allow to avoid increasing the scale and number of actors directly involved in the decision.

Generally, these two scenarios for resolving the conflict around Artsakh have been discussed for a long time. What is the third scenario?

The third scenario envisages that the parties to the conflict recognize the need to restore the status quo ante, that is, return to the previous situation. Within this scenario, the problem arises of determining the point of return and clarifying the actors that are parties to the conflict and are involved in the settlement process.

Acknowledging the completion of not only the Soviet, but also the post-Soviet period, it seems appropriate to roll back to a point before the emergence of the USSR. In this case, a new settlement frame is built on international treaties signed after the end of the First World War and the decisions of the League of Nations. Azerbaijan, recognizing itself as the legal successor of the ADR, appeals to this basis. And the consent of the Republic of Armenia to move to the same basis will create the necessary legal prerequisites for the use of this frame.

And what benefits are there from the implementation of this scenario, both for Armenia and Azerbaijan?

The adoption of this frame makes it possible to remove the existing formulation of the Artsakh problem, which is the result of decisions taken within the USSR, when the Republic of Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan become supporters of the conflict. The conflict itself and the problem boil down to clarifying the boundaries and signing peace agreements between these subjects. In this case, the Artsakh Republic gets the right of veto on the decisions taken if they do not take into account the interests of the Artsakh society. Within the framework of this frame, there is a generalization of the problem, as the borders must be clarified not only in the Artsakh direction, but, for example, the status of Nakhijevan.

In addition, the range of actors directly involved in the settlement process is expanding. However, achieving solutions within this frame will allow talking about establishing a long-term peace and reformatting the South Caucasus with the inevitable revision of the role and place of geopolitical and regional centers of power. – l-

READ ALL COMMENTS

Armen
Поначалу самим армянам необходимо рассмотреть реальное положение дел в самой Армении и во всем мире. Необходим быстрый анализ на ближайшие 30 лет. Необходимо понять, чего армяне хотят, и чего хотеть пока не надо. Избавиться от парадоксов, повторения прошлых ошибок. Наконец, перестать видеть себя в качестве границы, но позиционировать в качестве моста между культурами и системами. Нужны Суворовы, а не Жуковы, нужны Громыко, а не Талейраны, нужна харизматическая команда. В истории Армении были харизматические личности. В истории Армении были и Громыко, и Суворовы. Не было команд, которые осознав

POST A COMMENT
Input digits     

News
Representative of Ukraine Ministry of Internal Affairs with an  Armenian surname was not allowed in BakuRepresentative of Ukraine Ministry of Internal Affairs with an  Armenian surname was not allowed in Baku
Armenian Prime Minister Armenian Prime Minister "disclosed" the terms of his official visit  to the Russian Federation
Nikol Pashinyan ruled out  possibility of returning to a  semi-presidential system of governance in near futureNikol Pashinyan ruled out  possibility of returning to a  semi-presidential system of governance in near future
Armenian PM did not rule out  possibility of meeting with  President  of Azerbaijan in MunichArmenian PM did not rule out  possibility of meeting with  President  of Azerbaijan in Munich
Armenian President congratulated his Chinese counterpart on occasion  of Chinese New YearArmenian President congratulated his Chinese counterpart on occasion  of Chinese New Year
Armenian President meets with Chairman of Palestinian National  AuthorityArmenian President meets with Chairman of Palestinian National  Authority
Nikol Pashinyan: My goal is to create a truly independent judiciary  in ArmeniaNikol Pashinyan: My goal is to create a truly independent judiciary  in Armenia
Prime Minister: There is a joint responsibility for security in the  Nagorno-Karabakh conflict region Prime Minister: There is a joint responsibility for security in the  Nagorno-Karabakh conflict region 
Prime Minister: Manipulations regarding presidential elections in  Artsakh will not succeedPrime Minister: Manipulations regarding presidential elections in  Artsakh will not succeed
Nikol Pashinyan: President of Azerbaijan gave the most vivid  assessment of the work of the Armenian parliamentNikol Pashinyan: President of Azerbaijan gave the most vivid  assessment of the work of the Armenian parliament
David Tonoyan: Preserving the memory of the Second World War, we at  the state level suppress attempts to spread nationalism, fascism and  xenophobiaDavid Tonoyan: Preserving the memory of the Second World War, we at  the state level suppress attempts to spread nationalism, fascism and  xenophobia
Prime Minister: I do not renounce my statements, everything that I  said in 2016 remains in force todayPrime Minister: I do not renounce my statements, everything that I  said in 2016 remains in force today
Prime Minister clarified statement by Secretary of Security Council  of Armenia on attempted coupPrime Minister clarified statement by Secretary of Security Council  of Armenia on attempted coup
David Tonoyan: Armenia`s Ministry of Defense and Artsakh Defense Army  do everything to reduce the number of incidents in the armyDavid Tonoyan: Armenia`s Ministry of Defense and Artsakh Defense Army  do everything to reduce the number of incidents in the army
Mkhitar Hayrapetyan had a telephone conversation with a Cypriot  politician, who is searched by the Azerbaijani authoritiesMkhitar Hayrapetyan had a telephone conversation with a Cypriot  politician, who is searched by the Azerbaijani authorities
Armenian Defense Minister: The situation on the frontline is  relatively stableArmenian Defense Minister: The situation on the frontline is  relatively stable
“100 steps” in new Armenia“100 steps” in new Armenia
Deputy Prime Minister: COBRAIN Program will introduce best  international experience in ArmeniaDeputy Prime Minister: COBRAIN Program will introduce best  international experience in Armenia
Deputy Prime Minister praised Armenian-Russian relationsDeputy Prime Minister praised Armenian-Russian relations
8.8% rise in crime recorded in Armenia in 20198.8% rise in crime recorded in Armenia in 2019
Pashinyan: In the conditions of new political and social situation we  need new policePashinyan: In the conditions of new political and social situation we  need new police
Artak Kamalyan dismissed from the post of deputy minister of economy  responsible for agricultural sectorArtak Kamalyan dismissed from the post of deputy minister of economy  responsible for agricultural sector
Winner of Converse Bank and MasterCard joint campaign will travel to Disneyland ParisWinner of Converse Bank and MasterCard joint campaign will travel to Disneyland Paris
New models of education will be introduced in ArmeniaNew models of education will be introduced in Armenia
Armenian government intends to increase the attendance of preschool  institutions up to 70% by the end of 2023Armenian government intends to increase the attendance of preschool  institutions up to 70% by the end of 2023
Details of incident with injuring servicemen in Artsakh presented in  IC of ArmeniaDetails of incident with injuring servicemen in Artsakh presented in  IC of Armenia
Ruben Rubinyan presented to David Moran  Armenian side`s position on  peaceful settlement of Karabakh conflict Ruben Rubinyan presented to David Moran  Armenian side`s position on  peaceful settlement of Karabakh conflict 
Prince Charles of Great Britain visited Armenian Church of Nativity  Church in Bethlehem  Prince Charles of Great Britain visited Armenian Church of Nativity  Church in Bethlehem  
First meeting of Armenian side of Friendship Circle  Armenia-Netherlands took placeFirst meeting of Armenian side of Friendship Circle  Armenia-Netherlands took place
Israeli diplomat: Karabakh conflict must be resolved through peace  and dialogueIsraeli diplomat: Karabakh conflict must be resolved through peace  and dialogue
French Ambassador to Armenia takes part in commemorative events  dedicated to  International Holocaust Remembrance DayFrench Ambassador to Armenia takes part in commemorative events  dedicated to  International Holocaust Remembrance Day
Garo Paylan nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize 2020Garo Paylan nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize 2020
Life-sentenced Ashot Manukyan releasedLife-sentenced Ashot Manukyan released
Head of Constitutional Court explained reason for active position of  former head of NSSHead of Constitutional Court explained reason for active position of  former head of NSS
VTB Bank (Armenia) offers favorable conditions for student loansVTB Bank (Armenia) offers favorable conditions for student loans
MPs of Armenian parliament looking for  MPs of Armenian parliament looking for  "lost" article of law   regulating nuclear safety
Hrayr Tovmasyan: The purpose of the authorities is to remove me from  the post of head of the Constitutional CourtHrayr Tovmasyan: The purpose of the authorities is to remove me from  the post of head of the Constitutional Court
In 2019 SRC seized narcotic and psychotropic substances in amount of  $ 3 millionIn 2019 SRC seized narcotic and psychotropic substances in amount of  $ 3 million
Ambassador of Ukraine Armenia handed copies of his credentials to RA  Foreign Minister Ambassador of Ukraine Armenia handed copies of his credentials to RA  Foreign Minister 
Artsrun Hovhannisyan: Solider Henry-Hayk Zakaryan underwent  successful surgeryArtsrun Hovhannisyan: Solider Henry-Hayk Zakaryan underwent  successful surgery
Armenian capital has new Police ChiefArmenian capital has new Police Chief
CCC: Lawyers were given the opportunity to familiarize themselves  with the court decision to search the apartment of the head of the  Constitutional Court Hrayr TovmasyanCCC: Lawyers were given the opportunity to familiarize themselves  with the court decision to search the apartment of the head of the  Constitutional Court Hrayr Tovmasyan
Expert: Iran of 1979 and Iran 2020 - two completely different  realitiesExpert: Iran of 1979 and Iran 2020 - two completely different  realities
Amram Makinyan: The search in the apartment of Hrayr Tovmasyan has  not yet begun, since the latter is not allowed to get acquainted with  the court decisionAmram Makinyan: The search in the apartment of Hrayr Tovmasyan has  not yet begun, since the latter is not allowed to get acquainted with  the court decision
The UN considered the 3rd periodic report of Armenia on achievements  and existing problems in the field of human rightsThe UN considered the 3rd periodic report of Armenia on achievements  and existing problems in the field of human rights
Armenian parliament ratifies agreement on conservation of  African-Eurasian wetland migratory birdsArmenian parliament ratifies agreement on conservation of  African-Eurasian wetland migratory birds
The Vardenenyats pass is closed for heavy trucks, for other types of  vehicles it is difficult to passThe Vardenenyats pass is closed for heavy trucks, for other types of  vehicles it is difficult to pass
On the territory of Armenia it will be forbidden to produce  substances that contribute to the destruction of the ozone layerOn the territory of Armenia it will be forbidden to produce  substances that contribute to the destruction of the ozone layer
In Jerusalem, Armen Sargsyan held talks with Mike Pence, Prince  Charles, Emmanuel Macron, Frank- Walter Steinmeier and Sergio  MattarellaIn Jerusalem, Armen Sargsyan held talks with Mike Pence, Prince  Charles, Emmanuel Macron, Frank- Walter Steinmeier and Sergio  Mattarella
Hrayr Tovmasyan`s apartment searchedHrayr Tovmasyan`s apartment searched
Netherlands Embassy to open in ArmeniaNetherlands Embassy to open in Armenia
Criminal case instituted on the fact of an incident in Erebuni PlazaCriminal case instituted on the fact of an incident in Erebuni Plaza
Netherlands interested in expanding bilateral cooperation agenda with  ArmeniaNetherlands interested in expanding bilateral cooperation agenda with  Armenia
Armenia`s tourism potential presented at international exhibition in  MadridArmenia`s tourism potential presented at international exhibition in  Madrid
Security Council Secretary: Attempts to undermine situation by former  authorities were prevented in ArmeniaSecurity Council Secretary: Attempts to undermine situation by former  authorities were prevented in Armenia
Criminal Court of Appeal made a decision on Ara Vardanyan`s caseCriminal Court of Appeal made a decision on Ara Vardanyan`s case
Athletes with military disabilities from Armenia take part in  training camps in GermanyAthletes with military disabilities from Armenia take part in  training camps in Germany
Deputy Minister: Armenia is the 4th in the region in the list of  vulnerable countries threatened by global warmingDeputy Minister: Armenia is the 4th in the region in the list of  vulnerable countries threatened by global warming
Nikol Pashinyan will visit the NetherlandsNikol Pashinyan will visit the Netherlands
Armen Sarkissian: Armenian-Canadian relations have great potentialArmen Sarkissian: Armenian-Canadian relations have great potential



Experts
Azerbaijani political scientist: Trump`s decision to neutralize  Suleimani is part of the internal political struggle in the USAAzerbaijani political scientist: Trump`s decision to neutralize  Suleimani is part of the internal political struggle in the USA
Sergey Markedonov: In 2019, Pashinyan demonstrated the ability to  roll with the punchesSergey Markedonov: In 2019, Pashinyan demonstrated the ability to  roll with the punches
Satanovsky: Soleimani became a victim of Trump`s election ambitionsSatanovsky: Soleimani became a victim of Trump`s election ambitions
Lavrov in Baku discussed details of his plan on KarabakhLavrov in Baku discussed details of his plan on Karabakh
Armenian-Indian ties have great potential for development in the pharmaceutical industryArmenian-Indian ties have great potential for development in the pharmaceutical industry
The invasion of Syria is the result of Erdogan`s panic reaction to  problems with the US, EU and NATOThe invasion of Syria is the result of Erdogan`s panic reaction to  problems with the US, EU and NATO
Politician and statesman Masis Mayilyan’s election as Artsakh president is required for Armenia`s breakthroughPolitician and statesman Masis Mayilyan’s election as Artsakh president is required for Armenia`s breakthrough
Fyodor Lukyanov: The fragility of the situation around Karabakh by no  means contain high risks of a warFyodor Lukyanov: The fragility of the situation around Karabakh by no  means contain high risks of a war
By creating a counterbalance to the 102nd base, Turkey will claim for ousting Russia from the South CaucasusBy creating a counterbalance to the 102nd base, Turkey will claim for ousting Russia from the South Caucasus
Rachya Arzumanyan: Former power in Artsakh today solves the problem  of its own reproductionRachya Arzumanyan: Former power in Artsakh today solves the problem  of its own reproduction
Edmon Marukyan: We are doing everything to ensure that there is more  America in ArmeniaEdmon Marukyan: We are doing everything to ensure that there is more  America in Armenia
View from Baku: Small amounts of US aid to Armenia are conditioned by  the latter`s membership in the CSTOView from Baku: Small amounts of US aid to Armenia are conditioned by  the latter`s membership in the CSTO
Academician: Europe`s soft line towards Turkey is explained by the  problem of refugeesAcademician: Europe`s soft line towards Turkey is explained by the  problem of refugees
Expert: Washington increases military component of its pressure on  IranExpert: Washington increases military component of its pressure on  Iran
NKR Foreign Minister: Future President of Artsakh should not be  associated with money and weaponsNKR Foreign Minister: Future President of Artsakh should not be  associated with money and weapons
Artsakh Foreign Minister: There are still no grounds for positive  expectations from the talksArtsakh Foreign Minister: There are still no grounds for positive  expectations from the talks
Alexey Malashenko: Alexey Malashenko: "It doesn`t matter to us who is in power in  Armenia, we will agree, all are our fellows"
Muslim Armenians in terrorist networks is a serious wake-up call for ArmeniaMuslim Armenians in terrorist networks is a serious wake-up call for Armenia
Analyst: Armenia has not realized what happened in St. PetersburgAnalyst: Armenia has not realized what happened in St. Petersburg
 Forecast: Turkey`s classification by US think tanks as a Forecast: Turkey`s classification by US think tanks as a "formal ally" will lead to increase of the importance of the South Caucasus countries
Wojciech Goretski: If Moscow could control April the war to the end, in Karabakh would have stood the Russian peacekeepersWojciech Goretski: If Moscow could control April the war to the end, in Karabakh would have stood the Russian peacekeepers
Forecast: Yerevan`s Forecast: Yerevan`s "flight" from Moscow is unlikely
State Minister: Artsakh`s economy needs investment rather than assistanceState Minister: Artsakh`s economy needs investment rather than assistance
Arayik Harutyunyan: We will in civilized manner put in their place all those who try to destabilize the situation in ArtsakhArayik Harutyunyan: We will in civilized manner put in their place all those who try to destabilize the situation in Artsakh
Hrachya Arzumanyan: There are three scenarios of Artsakh settlement in the 21st centuryHrachya Arzumanyan: There are three scenarios of Artsakh settlement in the 21st century
Armenia conducts equally open policy both in relations with the West  and RussiaArmenia conducts equally open policy both in relations with the West  and Russia
Kiro Manoyan: Armenia-Artsakh military-political agreement will be a  yellow card for AzerbaijanKiro Manoyan: Armenia-Artsakh military-political agreement will be a  yellow card for Azerbaijan
Ukrainian analyst: Zelensky`s victory is another catastrophic defeat  for Putin`s Russia in UkraineUkrainian analyst: Zelensky`s victory is another catastrophic defeat  for Putin`s Russia in Ukraine
Karabakh negotiation process has entered so-called “Cyprus path” when geopolitical players appeared in the regionKarabakh negotiation process has entered so-called “Cyprus path” when geopolitical players appeared in the region
Andrey Pyatakhin: Operators in Armenia are competing today for Internet rather than for voiceAndrey Pyatakhin: Operators in Armenia are competing today for Internet rather than for voice
Commented
MP: In Armenia, the media turn into a weapon of political struggle in  the information warMP: In Armenia, the media turn into a weapon of political struggle in  the information war
ICG representative: In order find a compromise on new settlements,  legalistic approach should be abandoned and the issue should be  considered in political frameworkICG representative: In order find a compromise on new settlements,  legalistic approach should be abandoned and the issue should be  considered in political framework
Robert Kocharyan`s supporter, who suggested that  witness in criminal  case refuses to testify, was detainedRobert Kocharyan`s supporter, who suggested that  witness in criminal  case refuses to testify, was detained
Forecast: The US administration may move towards the recognition of  the Armenian GenocideForecast: The US administration may move towards the recognition of  the Armenian Genocide
 Robert Kocharian: The stage of tactical expectation has passed,  Armenian society is entering a phase of active operations Robert Kocharian: The stage of tactical expectation has passed,  Armenian society is entering a phase of active operations
A look from Jerusalem: Armenia is busy with internal problems and  looks at the rest of the world very littleA look from Jerusalem: Armenia is busy with internal problems and  looks at the rest of the world very little
The desecration of the monument to Griboedov in Yerevan: A worthy  answer for Nzhdeh or the voiced slap in the face of the Armenian  people?The desecration of the monument to Griboedov in Yerevan: A worthy  answer for Nzhdeh or the voiced slap in the face of the Armenian  people?
Lavrov in Baku discussed details of his plan on KarabakhLavrov in Baku discussed details of his plan on Karabakh
Nzhdeh memorial plaque dismantled in ArmavirNzhdeh memorial plaque dismantled in Armavir
Oppositionist: Wishing good luck to the Pashinyan government, we are  not going to give up criticism of his workOppositionist: Wishing good luck to the Pashinyan government, we are  not going to give up criticism of his work
MP: Robert Kocharyan`s lawyers are doing everything possible to avoid  the start of the trial MP: Robert Kocharyan`s lawyers are doing everything possible to avoid  the start of the trial 
Armenian President received head of Georgia`s Partnership FundArmenian President received head of Georgia`s Partnership Fund
Wording on Karabakh is reflected in final declaration of II Baku  Summit of World Religious LeadersWording on Karabakh is reflected in final declaration of II Baku  Summit of World Religious Leaders
US Senator blocked vote on draft Armenian Genocide resolution in  upper house of US CongressUS Senator blocked vote on draft Armenian Genocide resolution in  upper house of US Congress
Official Baku reacted to the words of Sergey Lavrov in YerevanOfficial Baku reacted to the words of Sergey Lavrov in Yerevan
Serzh Sargsyan: Real democracy was a response to populism, which  posed a serious challenge to many countries of the worldSerzh Sargsyan: Real democracy was a response to populism, which  posed a serious challenge to many countries of the world
Pashinyan about the reasons for Hayrapetov`s dismissalPashinyan about the reasons for Hayrapetov`s dismissal
Russian Embassy in Armenia has responded to the report Russian Embassy in Armenia has responded to the report "The presence  of the Russian base in Armenia, and its impact on the human rights  situation in the country"
Nikol Pashinyan: Unfortunately, in our country, a general trend today  leads to the rejection of spiritualityNikol Pashinyan: Unfortunately, in our country, a general trend today  leads to the rejection of spirituality
Cavusoglu and Pompeo discuss resolution on Armenian GenocideCavusoglu and Pompeo discuss resolution on Armenian Genocide
Serzh Sargsyan: if by arresting me our people become happy, let them  arrest meSerzh Sargsyan: if by arresting me our people become happy, let them  arrest me
US adopted resolution recognizing Armenian GenocideUS adopted resolution recognizing Armenian Genocide
Working visit  of Artsakh Foreign Minister to Washington has startedWorking visit  of Artsakh Foreign Minister to Washington has started
Armen Sarkissian expressed condolences to Vladimir Putin over the  tragedy in the Krasnoyarsk TerritoryArmen Sarkissian expressed condolences to Vladimir Putin over the  tragedy in the Krasnoyarsk Territory
Andranik Kocharyan states Armenian Second President`s Defense  deliberately delays lawsuitAndranik Kocharyan states Armenian Second President`s Defense  deliberately delays lawsuit
Yerevan: Azerbaijan wants to get Artsakh without its indigenous  populationYerevan: Azerbaijan wants to get Artsakh without its indigenous  population
Expert: I don`t understand why the second President of Armenia Robert  Kocharian is charged only in the case of March 1, 2008Expert: I don`t understand why the second President of Armenia Robert  Kocharian is charged only in the case of March 1, 2008
Israeli political scientist: Turkey`s obvious aggressiveness gives  Armenia a stabilizing importanceIsraeli political scientist: Turkey`s obvious aggressiveness gives  Armenia a stabilizing importance
Politician and statesman Masis Mayilyan’s election as Artsakh president is required for Armenia`s breakthroughPolitician and statesman Masis Mayilyan’s election as Artsakh president is required for Armenia`s breakthrough
Robert Kocharian: I am ready to continue the fight even from the  prison cellRobert Kocharian: I am ready to continue the fight even from the  prison cell
Search by date