ArmInfo. The best way to help Sevan is 'to leave it alone'. Former Minister of the Environment of Armenia Sargis Shahazizyan expressed a similar opinion during a press conference on August 14.
In this regard, he added that only specialists should deal with issues related to Sevan, but today everyone is talking about the problems of Sevan, offering their solutions.
"Today we are artificially lowering the water level of the lake, not thinking that we can rely not only on Sevan. There are so many water resources in Armenia that we can use and finally leave Sevan alone," stressed the former minister.
According to Shahazizyan, today the main crisis in the country is not about the lack of water, but about the proper management of water resources. He noticed that 60-70% of irrigation water does not reach its destination. <Let's direct the finances to repair the network. And as far as possible, we will organize the flow of water into the lake in a closed mode due to climatic conditions, since a large amount of water evaporates>, he said. In this context, he said that 90% of the water entering Sevan evaporates, and any climate change can lead to an increase in the level of evaporation.
Shahazizyan also mentioned that there is no need to build treatment plants on large rivers flowing into Sevan, which pass through settlements. "We talk a lot, but we do nothing," complained the former head of the environmental department.
Water losses were also caused by the Arpa-Sevan canal being idle for 7 years. According to him, from 2010 to 2017, 1.7 billion cubic meters could reach Sevan, in the case when 1 cm of the lake level is equal to about 14 million cubic meters.
Shahazizyan noted that the water of Sevan descends mainly to the foothill belts - to Yeghvard, Kotayk, Aragatsotn regions, certain parts reach Baghramyan. In this regard, the former statesman complained that the capacities of the Akhuryan reservoir are not being used, which, in his opinion, is due to the lack of a normal network and management.
"We need serious public administration, a serious approach," he stated, noting that there is water in Armenia, but it is used irrationally.
Among the problems of Sevan, he also mentioned the water blooming, the drying of pines on the coastal part of the lake. Shahazizyan associated the latter with the import of infected seedlings that did not pass the appropriate phytocontrol.
In early July, the National Assembly of Armenia approved a bill on increasing water releases from Lake Sevan from the existing170 million cubic meters to 240 million cubic meters. Presenting the bill during an extraordinary meeting, Deputy Minister of Territorial Administration and Infrastructures of Armenia Vache Terteryan noted that such a need arose due to weather conditions, the level of filling of water basins and river flow indicators. To the remark of the oppositionists that this bill contradicts the law adopted by the authorities on approving the volume of water releases from Sevan in the amount of 170 million cubic meters, he objected, noting that the new document was discussed with the relevant bodies to identify legal contradictions. <In the law we adopted earlier, there is a clause <if>, so this <if> has come. We discussed the project with the relevant bodies- there are no legal contradictions," Terteryan assured. It should be noted that Lake Sevan is the main source of drinking water in the region, one of the largest alpine lakes in Europe and Asia, located in the heart of the Armenian Highlands, at an altitude of 1914 meters.