ArmInfo. The thirteenth presidential elections have started in Iran.
The elections officially started at 7:00 am local time with the vote of the Supreme Leader of Iran Ayatollah Khamenei and will continue until 12:00am in all regions of the country.
Four politicians are fighting for the post of head of government: Ebrahim Raisi, Amir Hossein Ghazizadeh Hashemi, Abdolnaser Hemmati and Mohsen Rezaei . More than 500 foreign journalists from 38 countries, representing 226 international media, have come to cover the presidential elections in Iran.
According to official data, of the 80 million Iranian population, 59 million 310 thousand 307 people have the right to vote, of which 29 million 980 thousand 38 are men, 29 million 330 thousand 269 are women. 1 million 392 thousand 148 people will vote for the first time in the presidential elections.
As a rule, voting on election day is carried out using paper ballots and ballot boxes, but in 2021, in some cities of Iran, voting will take place electronically. Voters must be in possession of a birth certificate, national card or valid passport. During the first round of elections, voters can vote in the constituency of their choice, but they are not allowed to change constituencies in the second round.
The President is elected by an absolute majority (over 50%) of the votes cast. If in the first round of elections none of the candidates received such a majority of votes, a second vote is held on Friday next week.
According to the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran (1989), the president is the second highest official after the leader of the country. He is responsible for the implementation of the Constitution and directs the executive branch in all areas, except for those that are directly under the jurisdiction of the country's leader. The president is directly elected for four years, and can only be elected for two consecutive terms.
The president should be elected from among religious and political figures who meet the following requirements: "Iranian origin, Iranian citizenship, managerial and organizational skills, worthy biography and piety, religiosity, belief in the foundations of the Islamic Republic and belonging to the official religion of the country."
The candidate must be at least 40 and over 75 years old. The future president must have at least four years of management experience, have no criminal record, and hold at least a Master of Science degree.