ArmInfo. Stopping and preventing the outflow of the population from Armenia requires a set of measures. First of all, the stabilization of the internal political situation and, as a consequence, the political system.
An expert of the Armenian Institute of International Relations and Security, demographer Artak Markosyan, expressed a similar opinion to ArmInfo. "In other words, all political forces, society must accept the results of the upcoming early elections. After that, as soon as possible, the newly formed government should take up its direct functions. Given the existence of a number of problems with the formation of a security environment, socio-economic problems, related problems, I think there is no need to say that the new government should consist exclusively of high-level professionals, "he stressed.
According to the expert, demography derives from the presence or absence of these problems, from the degree of their severity and the speed of resolution. In this light, Markosyan noted the extremely narrow period of time allotted for their decision by the new government of Armenia. Moreover, the deepening of existing problems, the emergence of new ones threatens in that regard with unpredictable threats. In this light, the demographer noted improvement of life in the regions of the country as one of the necessary priorities of the future government.
"We must understand that without improving life in villages, improving life in the regions, it is meaningless to hope for the economic development of the country as a whole. The main potential of Armenia's economic development today lies in the regions, it has long been out of Yerevan. All this requires formation and consistent implementation of a very clear policy in the direction of resolving social, educational, cultural problems in the regions, "he stressed.
Only in this way, according to the expert's forecasts, it will be possible to bring the standard of living in the regions closer to the standard of living in the capital. Thus, according to his estimates, the government will be able to stop, including internal migration from the regions to Yerevan, which, according to the demographer, today is a very important factor that threatens the country's national security. In this light, Markosyan noted that most of the young people from the regions who graduated from universities in Yerevan prefer to stay in the capital, rather than return. In this light, a natural question arises - how to develop regions, make investments there in the absence of normal specialists on the ground? The answer to this question, in his opinion, requires comprehensive work towards the general stabilization of the situation in Armenia.
"Today, I do not see any serious tendencies in favor of the growth of permanent migration from Armenia. Migration is mainly of a labor nature. However, it is very important to note here that if the situation still does not normalize, no one can guarantee that labor migration does not transform into final migration. And there is only one solution here - it is immediate stabilization in the internal political, socio-economic life of the country. And, of course, the creation of a normal security environment, "the demographer summed up.