ArmInfo.In Armenia, it will be prohibited to produce substances that contribute to the destruction of the ozone layer. At its January 24 sitting, the RA National Assembly amended the law "On Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer" and related laws.
According to Deputy Minister of the Environment Irina Kaplanyan, the import of ozone-depleting materials from those countries will be banned who have not signed the relevant Montreal and Vienna Conventions. The export of such materials will also be banned in these countries, and the transit of ozone-depleting substances through the territory of Armenia will also be banned. "This legislative package, in fact, regulates the restrictions on the production, import, export and transit of ozone-depleting substances," Kaplanyan explained, adding that the package provides for liability for failure to comply with the requirements of the package of laws.
The Deputy Minister recalled that on March 27 last year, Armenia ratified the amended agreement to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer. The agreement was signed in the capital of Rwanda, Kigali, on October 15, 2016, and the package submitted is fully consistent with the specified international documents.
It should be noted that in March last year, the deputy minister noted that since 1990, Armenia has chosen the path to maintain the ozone layer and reduce emissions of harmful substances into the atmosphere. This path is not only due to the high-mountainous nature of the republic, which leads to increased ultraviolet rays, but also the global challenges that mankind has faced in connection with climate change. In 2010, the republic fully complied with its obligations under the first phase of the program, under which emissions of fluorine and chlorine hydrocarbons were significantly reduced. At present, Irina Kaplanyan continued, the second stage of the program continues, under which it is planned to completely abandon the use of hydrofluorocarbons. Moreover, the second phase of the program is being implemented at a faster pace. Irina Kapalanyan emphasized that the agreement signed by 197 countries of the world in Kigali is the fifth in a row under the Montreal Protocol. It is envisaged that as a result of its application in the world, emissions of 105 million tons of harmful substances will be reduced. It is planned that before 2100 the air temperature in the world will drop by 0.4%. For Armenia, which is a developing state, the terms for implementing the provisions of the document are also set: by 2014, the republic should reduce emissions by 10%, by 2035 - by 30%, by 2040 - by 50% and by 2045 - by 80%.
Recall that in the capital of Rwanda, Kigali, representatives of 197 states that signed the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer agreed to limit the production and emissions of greenhouse gases, in particular hydrofluorocarbons. Used mainly in refrigeration equipment and air conditioners, these gases are much more dangerous for the ozone layer of the earth than the same carbon dioxide. The first in 2019 to introduce restrictions is the United States - the second largest state in the world in terms of emissions of pollutants into the atmosphere. From 2024, China, the leader in the pollution of the planet, will begin to take measures. Countries hope they can reduce global warming by half a degree Celsius. The deal, which involves the two largest economies in the world - the United States and China, divides the countries into three groups with different terms, during which they should reduce the use of hydrofluorocarbons, the greenhouse effect of which is 10 thousand times stronger than that of carbon dioxide. Under the agreement, developed countries, including a large part of Europe and the United States, commit themselves to gradually reduce the use of hydrofluorocarbons, starting from a 10 percent decline by 2019, and by 85% by 2036. Two more groups of developed countries will stop increasing the use of hydrofluorocarbons by 2024 and 2028, and then will gradually reduce it. The deal, which was joined by 197 countries, crowned a series of measures aimed at combating climate change. In early October, the Paris Climate Agreement, concluded in 2015, crossed the important threshold of ratification thanks to support from India, Canada and the European Parliament.