ArmInfo. French Ambassador to Armenia Jean-Francois Charpentier has made a statement on the occasion of the Armenian Parliament's ratification of the Paris Agreement on climate change.
"I welcome the Armenian Parliament's ratification of the Paris Agreement on climate change by a large majority of votes today. It demonstrates Armenia's commitment to contribute to implementation of this universal agreement and to combat the climate change by pursuing sustainable and inclusive development," Ambassador Charpentier says in his statement.
To note, on February 9, the Armenian National Assembly ratified the Paris Agreement (Accord de Paris) on climate change - an agreement within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Armenia ratified the UNFCCC in 1993 and the Kyoto Protocol in 2002. The documents provided for mechanisms for reduction of GHG emissions and requirements for 39 developed countries. However, the developments showed that developing countries - including Armenia - should also join the process. The language of the agreement was negotiated by representatives of 195 countries at the 21st Conference of the Parties of the UNFCCC in Paris and adopted by consensus on 12 December 2015.
The Paris Agreement builds upon the Convention and - for the first time - brings all nations into a common cause to undertake ambitious efforts to combat climate change and adapt to its effects, with enhanced support to assist developing countries to do so. As such, it charts a new course in the global climate effort. The Paris Agreement's central aim is to strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change by keeping a global temperature rise this century well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase even further to 1.5 degrees Celsius. Additionally, the agreement aims to strengthen the ability of countries to deal with the impacts of climate change. To reach these ambitious goals, appropriate financial flows, a new technology framework and an enhanced capacity building framework will be put in place, thus supporting action by developing countries and the most vulnerable countries, in line with their own national objectives. The Agreement also provides for enhanced transparency of action and support through a more robust transparency framework. The Paris Agreement requires all Parties to put forward their best efforts through "nationally determined contributions" (NDCs) and to strengthen these efforts in the years ahead. This includes requirements that all Parties report regularly on their emissions and on their implementation efforts. In 2018, Parties will take stock of the collective efforts in relation to progress towards the goal set in the Paris Agreement and to inform the preparation of NDCs. There will also be a global stocktake every 5 years to assess the collective progress towards achieving the purpose of the Agreement and to inform further individual actions by Parties. The Paris Agreement entered into force on 4 November 2016. Armenia signed the document on 20 September 2016. As many as 129 countries have already ratified it. It was stated at today's sitting in the Armenian Parliament that the key source of GHG emissions in Armenia is the energy sector (65% of emissions). Transport and agriculture also have a negative effect on the atmosphere.