Monday, November 7 2016 16:59
David Stepanyan

Ruben Shugaryan: The time has come for settlement of Karabakh conflict based on Responsibility to Protect and Remedial Recognition norms

Ruben Shugaryan: The time has come for settlement of Karabakh conflict based on Responsibility to Protect and Remedial Recognition norms

In an interview with ArmInfo, Ruben Shugaryan, former deputy foreign minister of Armenia, former Armenian Ambassador to the U.S., Professor at the U.S.  Tufts University's Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, shares his views about the Armenian policy towards the Karabakh conflict settlement following the April aggression of Azerbaijan. He also speaks of the latest changes in the international law, and substantiates the need to adjust Armenia’s foreign policy and national security doctrine to the global, geopolitical trends.

 

You had worked at the Armenian Foreign Ministry for a long time. Would you outline the real limits of possible concessions of the Karabakh conflict parties on the path to the settlement?  

 

I think the Karabakh problem has undergone certain evolution. In the early 1990s the key achievement of Armenia was internationalization of the intermediary efforts in the conflict settlement process. Unlike Georgia that "had two and a half conflicts on its territory", we were able to put the Karabakh peace process under the OSCE auspices. Over the past few years, the process has inter alia seen failures and disappointments. However, at that time we managed to create a negotiation format and to institutionalize the entire negotiation practice by balancing it through the presence of three permanent members of the UN Security Council - the United States, France, and Russia. Moreover, today the Karabakh problem is the only platform, where the U.S. and Russia are still cooperating somehow. We should understand that amid the complicated relations between the big countries, they always need one or two issues to cooperate on.  This allows them to rise to more or less digestible level of discussion of more global issues. Therefore, the US and Russia also consider the Karabakh problem as a toehold for creation of future formats. Armenian diplomacy has always tried to find a compromise in the U.S.- Russia relations to prevent the Karabakh problem from turning into a stumbling block between Washington and Moscow. As for France, the representative of the European Union, it always represents itself whatever the outcome.    

                           

Do you think the “April war” unleashed by Azerbaijan has brought more tangible changes and prospects to the negotiation process?

 

After the April war the settlement process has undergone quite tangible transformations. If prior to April the whole process had been based on certain principles, for example "Madrid" principles, in April Azerbaijan stepped across the dangerous line. Right after that Armenia on the highest level started to voice the possibility of recognizing Artsakh. In my opinion, the issue of recognition is rather complicated, given our participation in the negotiation process, one of the final goals of which is to determine the status of Artsakh. Azerbaijan regularly attempts to present the Karabakh conflict as a religious one and transfer it from the OSCE to the UN format. It was especially obvious during the April events when duplicating the ISIS's actions Baku was trying to play the card of religion and Islamic solidarity. I can point out a lot of similarities between today's Azerbaijan and the ISIS, for instance, the targeted violent actions by Azerbaijani military men against civilians in Artsakh.

 

Was it done deliberately? What was it aimed at?

 

It was aimed at frightening and sending a certain alarm to other countries. At the negotiations, Armenia needs to present not the facts of the conflict but its changed essence, which became evident in April when Azerbaijan overstepped all the possible moral and ethical lines. This was also done before April – Baku glorified Ramil Safarov, Ilham Aliyev threatened to shoot down the civil planes intending to land in Stepanakert Airport. The new international norm ‘Responsibility to Protect’ is a consensus solution presented by Kofi Annan and developed later by President of International Crisis Group Gareth John Evans. Another term 'Remedial Recognition' has recently become quite popular in the political language, the meaning of which is recognition, sovereignty and secession for survival. Today the issue of Karabakh should not be discussed within the principles of territorial integrity or people's right to self-determination. After Azerbaijan's April aggression, this issue has become an issue of physical survival for Karabakh people. By the way, Kosovo was recognized for the sake of survival, as after "Kosovo Liberation Army" was defeated by Serbs the international community came to the conclusion that there is no other solution. The same did not happen in Karabakh as the NKR Defense Army won Azerbaijan. It was the victory of defending Karabakh people against the aggressor Azerbaijan that has led to a paradoxical situation and maintenance of status quo till today.

 

In other words, have the aggressor and the victim swapped places especially in the light of Baku's regular claims about "one million of refugees and 20% of occupied territories"?

 

Certainly, they have. Due to the April aggression and Baku's intentionally uncovered threats, which were prevented only due to unprecedented consolidation of Armenian people, Yerevan has the chance to put things in the right place. The settlement process should remain within the OSCE, but the focuses should be shifted according to the international norm of "Remedial Recognition". I think that today the time has come to present Armenia's foreign policy regarding Karabakh in the humanitarian context.

 

Should Armenia be the first to officially recognize Artsakh in order to successfully put Remedial Recognition in practice?

 

I do not rule out Armenia's recognition of Artsakh under certain circumstances, but I think the recognition should not be the result of patriotic emotions of various political forces. Certainly, it is necessary to prepare for recognition and it is necessary to have the entire relevant legal package for that. It is also necessary to prepare certain countries for that. There are prerequisites for such recognition in many countries, even in the United States, though they are not at the federal level. Seven US states have already recognized Artsakh. This figure is not small. The recognition does not only irritate Azerbaijan, but also contains a message to the US Government. As regards Europe, France has a balanced approach within the OSCE. I think much can be done in Germany, where the situation has tangibly changed after the recognition of the Armenian Genocide, as well as in Scandinavian and small European countries, which give high priority to humanitarian issues. By recognizing the Genocide, any country subconsciously admits a possible balanced line in the Karabakh issue. In this light, Armenia itself should decide to which of these two issues to give higher priority. I think Armenia's key problem to be resolved is the Karabakh problem, especially with a view to prevent a new war. At the same time, it is necessary to take steps in the South American countries as well, for instance, Uruguay, Argentina, etc.

 

Germany’s example makes us think about the reasons preventing our lobby from changing priorities…

 

I think the Armenian lobby should change its priorities first of all following serious consultations with the Armenian Government. Lobbying is quite a delicate issue, but it is possible to change the list of priorities. We should be realists and we should understand that today it is impossible to raise the issue of the NKR recognition at the US Congress. At the same time, it is certainly possible to raise the issue of remedial recognition of Nagorno- Karabakh's right to self-determination, especially given that this issue completely fits into the current situation around Karabakh. This should be well thought out and this needs a serious job, including recommendations from Armenia.

 

The issue of cession of Artsakh territories is still relevant today. Today it is supplemented by the issue of deployment of Russian peacekeepers in the conflict zone and final conservation of the conflict without any status determination. Does this scenario meet Armenia’s interests and first of all the Karabakh people? What threats is it fraught with?  

 

Why Russian peacekeepers?

 

Russia has been strongly insisting on it.

 

Russia's intention to deploy its own peacekeepers in Karabakh does not mean at all that Russia will manage to do that. In my point of view, the settlement plan, which might work in 1998 cannot be used now and not only because the situation has changed. What I have always been concerned over in all the "Madrid", "Prague" and "Kazan" principles is not so much ceding territories as the issue of holding a referendum without defining its exact date. The issue of referendum is quite formal given that Azerbaijan's Constitution envisages its holding exclusively on the entire of its territory. There is a tendency of changing the term referendum with the term plebiscite in the negotiation process. This is absolutely unacceptable because the latter lacks the legal force of the referendum.

 

The publicized negotiation agenda on Karabakh suggests an impression that the negotiations will end up with cession of the districts and deployment of peacekeepers while everything else will be put off for an indefinite term…

 

I hope this impression will turn out to be wrong, but I cannot state the opposite for sure. I can only say that deployment of peacekeepers may be possible only when the exact schedule of settlement all the issues included in the negotiation agenda is developed. At the same time, deployment of peacekeepers of not only Russia but any other country is inadmissible, especially at the current stage. Our main mistake is the opinion that there should be certain limits for our position, whereas our position should be very flexible, in conformity to geopolitical changes. In 1998 we were dictating from the stronger side, but now that Azerbaijan tries to become that stronger side, we should radically change our position on Nagorno Karabakh…

 

By retrieving the role of the aggression victim due to Azerbaijan’s efforts…

 

Exactly. In the South Ossetian conflict Russia has applied in a unilateral manner the international standard of "Responsibility to Protect". And it is obvious that Moscow possesses a certain logical resource for justification of this position, though Russia didn't reach total adjudication like, for instance, Kosovo did. Russia tried to present the situation around Crimea in the same manner, but faced a total fiasco. Therefore, Armenia should stand back from the stereotypes and fears that by changing its stand on Nagorno Karabakh, Armenia could appear as unprincipled. We should understand that there should be a compromise anyway and that it is impossible to reach it without giving anything. At the same time, the main goal of Armenia should be to ensure independence of Nagorno Karabakh and its compulsory common border with Armenia, not only through the Lachin District - taking into consideration the expansion of possible shelling of the highway linking Armenia to Artsakh.

 

Is the prospect of a consensus on Karabakh an advantage or disadvantage for the Armenian sides?

 

The Nagorno Karabakh problem should be resolved by the two opposing sides, not by any mediators. Armenia and Azerbaijan should clearly understand that the settlement of the problem fully meets their own interests. I always get very much surprised when reading interviews form Armenia, comprising statements that the Nagorno Karabakh problem is already settled and the official settlement is something that we don't need at all. But the things are not like that. In the National Security Doctrine of Armenia, which, should be updated time to time by the way, Azerbaijan is mentioned everywhere. Meanwhile, in the unpublished part of the Azerbaijani Doctrine, Armenia, as a threat, holds only the third place, because Iran and Russia are much more serious threats for Azerbaijan than Armenia. That testifies to the existence of strategic thinking in Azerbaijan, while Armenia stays at the same level. Our Doctrine is written pretty well and professionally, but it is outmoded and we need to change it. Anyway, we should have two doctrines - close and open. Just to be on the safe side.

READ ALL COMMENTS

Манвел
Весьма неплохо, но думаю, что будет еще лучше Главное найти подходящих интервьюируемых.

POST A COMMENT
Input digits     

News
Head of Constitutional Court of Armenia: Elections of the 4th  President of Armenia will be held in the National AssemblyHead of Constitutional Court of Armenia: Elections of the 4th  President of Armenia will be held in the National Assembly
Republican Party of Armenia and ARF Dashnaktsutyun nominated  candidates for Supreme Judicial CouncilRepublican Party of Armenia and ARF Dashnaktsutyun nominated candidates for Supreme Judicial Council
Artsvik Minasyan: Construction works on the territory of the monument  Artsvik Minasyan: Construction works on the territory of the monument "Symphony of Stones" are suspended - Is it for long?
Aoun: Lebanon stands next to Armenia in protecting its people`s  natural rights for sovereignty, peace and prosperityAoun: Lebanon stands next to Armenia in protecting its people`s natural rights for sovereignty, peace and prosperity
OSCE PA Special Representative for South Caucasus resignedOSCE PA Special Representative for South Caucasus resigned
President of Lebanon and Prime Minister of Armenia have outlined  prospective areas for cooperation President of Lebanon and Prime Minister of Armenia have outlined prospective areas for cooperation
Sargsyan: Whatever the resolution of the Karabakh conflict, it should  be based on the right of the people of Artsakh to live freely on  their historical landSargsyan: Whatever the resolution of the Karabakh conflict, it should be based on the right of the people of Artsakh to live freely on their historical land
President of Lebanon and Armenian Parliament Speaker discussed issues  of cooperationPresident of Lebanon and Armenian Parliament Speaker discussed issues of cooperation
Ex Foreign Minister of Artsakh: The absence of a state policy to  protect the rights of Armenian refugees from Azerbaijan led to the  verdict of the ECHR in the Chiragov caseEx Foreign Minister of Artsakh: The absence of a state policy to protect the rights of Armenian refugees from Azerbaijan led to the verdict of the ECHR in the Chiragov case
Yelk bloc will appeal to the Constitutional Court to clarify the  legality of the provision on holding the election of the 4th  President of Armenia in the National AssemblyYelk bloc will appeal to the Constitutional Court to clarify the legality of the provision on holding the election of the 4th President of Armenia in the National Assembly
In Artsakh, from the bullet of the adversary a soldier Grigor Yegoyan  diedIn Artsakh, from the bullet of the adversary a soldier Grigor Yegoyan died
Sargsyan and Claar noted the importance of appropriate response of  international community to militaristic statements of BakuSargsyan and Claar noted the importance of appropriate response of international community to militaristic statements of Baku
Armenia has approved procedure for environmental monitoring and  publication of results by subsoil usersArmenia has approved procedure for environmental monitoring and publication of results by subsoil users
OSCE Parliamentary Assembly calls to change the approach in the  settlement of Karabakh conflictOSCE Parliamentary Assembly calls to change the approach in the settlement of Karabakh conflict
Armen Ashotyan: The Azerbaijani authorities, while continuing to hunt  people in their country, are now trying to occupy this and outside  the AR.Armen Ashotyan: The Azerbaijani authorities, while continuing to hunt people in their country, are now trying to occupy this and outside the AR.
Shavarsh Kocharyan: We will fight for the freedom and independence of  Armenians of Artsakh Shavarsh Kocharyan: We will fight for the freedom and independence of  Armenians of Artsakh 
Ara Babloyan: the Karabakh movement contributed to the creation of  two independent Armenian statesAra Babloyan: the Karabakh movement contributed to the creation of  two independent Armenian states
Ambitious plans of VTB Bank (Armenia) - to become the first bank in  the countryAmbitious plans of VTB Bank (Armenia) - to become the first bank in  the country
The France-Artsakh friendship circle: Racial hatred for Armenians  still remains the state policy of the leadership of AzerbaijanThe France-Artsakh friendship circle: Racial hatred for Armenians  still remains the state policy of the leadership of Azerbaijan
Hay Dat European office about Baku`s initiative: There are no  prerequisites for an international search for Gaspar Karampetyan.Hay Dat European office about Baku`s initiative: There are no  prerequisites for an international search for Gaspar Karampetyan.
Sargsyan: Yerevan interested in expanding relations with BeirutSargsyan: Yerevan interested in expanding relations with Beirut
Ivan Telegin is appointed general director of VTB Armenia BankIvan Telegin is appointed general director of VTB Armenia Bank
Varuzhan Oktanyan: It is a mistake to think that Armenia has improved  its position in the Index of Combating CorruptionVaruzhan Oktanyan: It is a mistake to think that Armenia has improved  its position in the Index of Combating Corruption
Upper Lars checkpoint is open for all types of vehiclesUpper Lars checkpoint is open for all types of vehicles
Armenian FM draws attention of European parliamentarians to Aliyev`s  claims to Yerevan.Armenian FM draws attention of European parliamentarians to Aliyev`s  claims to Yerevan.
Nalbandian: Armenia did not demand recognition of Armenian Genocide  by Turkey as prerequisites for normalization of relations.Nalbandian: Armenia did not demand recognition of Armenian Genocide  by Turkey as prerequisites for normalization of relations.
Armen Sargsyan and representatives of Armenian community of Austria  discussed Armenia-Diaspora relationsArmen Sargsyan and representatives of Armenian community of Austria discussed Armenia-Diaspora relations
Yerevan and Brussels signed EU-Armenia Partnership PrioritiesYerevan and Brussels signed EU-Armenia Partnership Priorities
Industrial ecological park may appear in Tavush region Industrial ecological park may appear in Tavush region
INECOBANK announces AMD 7 billion profit for 2017, taking the first position by Return on Equity (ROE)INECOBANK announces AMD 7 billion profit for 2017, taking the first position by Return on Equity (ROE)
OSCE planned monitoring on Armenian-Azerbaijani state border passed  without incidentOSCE planned monitoring on Armenian-Azerbaijani state border passed without incident
Speaker of National Assembly and Newly appointed Ambassador of Brazil  to Armenia discussed prospects of cooperationSpeaker of National Assembly and Newly appointed Ambassador of Brazil to Armenia discussed prospects of cooperation
Baku calls on Paris not to believe YerevanBaku calls on Paris not to believe Yerevan
Aragats Akhoyan: Erdogan`s brother cannot be the representative of  Armenian community in TurkeyAragats Akhoyan: Erdogan`s brother cannot be the representative of  Armenian community in Turkey
Converse Bank:  preferential terms for SHOPIN users  Converse Bank:  preferential terms for SHOPIN users  
Azerbaijan announced in international wanted list the head of the  European bureau of Hay Dat committee Caspar KarampetyanAzerbaijan announced in international wanted list the head of the  European bureau of Hay Dat committee Caspar Karampetyan
Ambassador: US is doing everything possible for peaceful solution of  Karabakh problemAmbassador: US is doing everything possible for peaceful solution of  Karabakh problem
The roads in Armenia are mostly passableThe roads in Armenia are mostly passable
Paris calls on the parties to the conflict to work in good faith in  this regard, in particular by refraining from any declaration or  action likely to exacerbate tensionsParis calls on the parties to the conflict to work in good faith in  this regard, in particular by refraining from any declaration or  action likely to exacerbate tensions
Celebrations of 30th anniversary of Artsakh liberation movement began  at Freedom Square in YerevanCelebrations of 30th anniversary of Artsakh liberation movement began at Freedom Square in Yerevan
Stepanakert hoscted a reception dedicated to the 30th anniversary of  the liberation movement ArtsakhStepanakert hoscted a reception dedicated to the 30th anniversary of the liberation movement Artsakh
Armenian Ministry of Emergency Situations raises the issue of  increasing the level of resistance to natural disastersArmenian Ministry of Emergency Situations raises the issue of increasing the level of resistance to natural disasters
Armenia intends to raise the retirement age to 65 yearsArmenia intends to raise the retirement age to 65 years
General Staff HQ delegation to leave for MoscowGeneral Staff HQ delegation to leave for Moscow
Smbat Sahyan: At the moment in Armenia, 10 workers have 11 pensionersSmbat Sahyan: At the moment in Armenia, 10 workers have 11 pensioners
Expert: As soon as Baku feels so strong to resolve the Karabakh  conflict by military means, it will start offensive actions Expert:Expert: As soon as Baku feels so strong to resolve the Karabakh  conflict by military means, it will start offensive actions Expert:
David Harutyunyan: EU allocated 17 million euros to Armenia for the  development of the sphere of human rights protectionDavid Harutyunyan: EU allocated 17 million euros to Armenia for the development of the sphere of human rights protection
Glas Naroda : A significant part of the Armenian society determines  the high level of Armenian-Russian relations by the personalities of  Sargsyan and PutinGlas Naroda : A significant part of the Armenian society determines the high level of Armenian-Russian relations by the personalities of Sargsyan and Putin
From January 1, 2019 in Armenia, a new system of medical and social  expertiseFrom January 1, 2019 in Armenia, a new system of medical and social  expertise
Minister of Justice: We will see the results of measures taken to  combat corruption in the near futureMinister of Justice: We will see the results of measures taken to  combat corruption in the near future
David Harutyunyan: The introduction of mobile radars and speedometers  does not violate the rights of citizens in any wayDavid Harutyunyan: The introduction of mobile radars and speedometers  does not violate the rights of citizens in any way
David Harutyunyan: Despite the fact that Article 125 has not yet  entered into force, according to the new Constitution, only the  National Assembly has the right to elect a new presidentDavid Harutyunyan: Despite the fact that Article 125 has not yet  entered into force, according to the new Constitution, only the  National Assembly has the right to elect a new president
Building Building "Sanasaryan Khan" in Istanbul returned to the Armenian  Church
Minister of Justice: Both sides participating in the brawl in the  Council of Elders of Yerevan behaved improperlyMinister of Justice: Both sides participating in the brawl in the  Council of Elders of Yerevan behaved improperly
Yerevan is convinced: The lack of a proper reaction of the  international community to Aliyev`s statements led to new threats of  the use of force, sounding from BakuYerevan is convinced: The lack of a proper reaction of the  international community to Aliyev`s statements led to new threats of  the use of force, sounding from Baku
There are some hard to pass roads on the territory of ArmeniaThere are some hard to pass roads on the territory of Armenia
In one of the apartment houses in Yerevan there was an explosionIn one of the apartment houses in Yerevan there was an explosion
Bako Sahakyan: We heroically defended the homeland in danger,  restored the destroyed economy and created a stable basis for its  further development         Bako Sahakyan: We heroically defended the homeland in danger,  restored the destroyed economy and created a stable basis for its  further development        
Candidate for Armenian presidency considers priority to development  of quality of education in the countryCandidate for Armenian presidency considers priority to development  of quality of education in the country
Investigative Committee: Attackers on the branch of VTB Bank (Armenia) stole  currencies equivalent to about 8.5 million AMDInvestigative Committee: Attackers on the branch of VTB Bank (Armenia) stole  currencies equivalent to about 8.5 million AMD

Interview
Giro Manoyan: The status quo coud work in favor of  Armenians only within correct use - an increase  of Artsakh population to 250-300 thousandGiro Manoyan: The status quo coud work in favor of  Armenians only within correct use - an increase  of Artsakh population to 250-300 thousand
SerzhSargsyan`s aspiration to play first fiddle deprives him of trusting even his closest teamSerzhSargsyan`s aspiration to play first fiddle deprives him of trusting even his closest team
Rasim Mousabekov: Earlier appointment for presidential elections in Azerbaijan may allow reaching some breakthrough in Karabakh talks this yearRasim Mousabekov: Earlier appointment for presidential elections in Azerbaijan may allow reaching some breakthrough in Karabakh talks this year
Ashot Manucharyan: Karabakh conflict is the best explosive pulse undermining the fantastic alliance of  Russia, Iran and TurkeyAshot Manucharyan: Karabakh conflict is the best explosive pulse undermining the fantastic alliance of  Russia, Iran and Turkey
Gagik Harutyunyan: Gagik Harutyunyan: "Managed chaos" gradually trends to   change its color from religious to ethnic
The purpose of the recent provocations in Iran was the return of Tehran under international sanctionsThe purpose of the recent provocations in Iran was the return of Tehran under international sanctions
Masis Mailyan: Artsakh absence at the negotiation table  impacts negatively  their productivityMasis Mailyan: Artsakh absence at the negotiation table  impacts negatively  their productivity
Arman Melikyan: Russia does not desire at all to share  the resolution of Karabakh issue with Turkish partArman Melikyan: Russia does not desire at all to share  the resolution of Karabakh issue with Turkish part
Alexander Iskandaryan: It is impossible to take pre-electional  bribes and hope for a revolutionAlexander Iskandaryan: It is impossible to take pre-electional  bribes and hope for a revolution
Ruben Shugharyan: Internationalization of the human conscience in respect to  Artsakh needs to be scaled upRuben Shugharyan: Internationalization of the human conscience in respect to  Artsakh needs to be scaled up
Manvel Sargsyan: For 25 years people have realized step by step that they are engaged in nonsenseManvel Sargsyan: For 25 years people have realized step by step that they are engaged in nonsense
Levon Altounyan: We are building a new architecture of Armenian medicineLevon Altounyan: We are building a new architecture of Armenian medicine
Any compromise with Artsakh and Armenia is equal to political suicide for Ilham Aliyev Any compromise with Artsakh and Armenia is equal to political suicide for Ilham Aliyev 
Andrey   Areshev:  It`s not enough to talk about reaching agreements on Karabakh, it is important and it is necessary to implement themAndrey   Areshev:  It`s not enough to talk about reaching agreements on Karabakh, it is important and it is necessary to implement them
Hovhannes Igityan: Armenia looks back at Moscow too oftenHovhannes Igityan: Armenia looks back at Moscow too often
Ilgar Velizade: It is no longer possible to ignore the political reality that is being raised  everywhere in the world by the specter of separatismIlgar Velizade: It is no longer possible to ignore the political reality that is being raised  everywhere in the world by the specter of separatism
Avigdor Eskin: Due to referendums in Kurdistan and Catalonia, pressure on Armenia in Karabakh issue may weakenAvigdor Eskin: Due to referendums in Kurdistan and Catalonia, pressure on Armenia in Karabakh issue may weaken
Gagik Harutyunyan: Russia, Iran and China remembered their great past in  largely thanks to the United States Gagik Harutyunyan: Russia, Iran and China remembered their great past in  largely thanks to the United States 
Maxim Suchkov: The qualitative and systematic implementation of Russian projects for the development of Armenia will exclude Moscow`s nervous reaction to the fact that Maxim Suchkov: The qualitative and systematic implementation of Russian projects for the development of Armenia will exclude Moscow`s nervous reaction to the fact that "the Americans have planned there"
Zardusht Alizadeh: Ilham Aliev does not need Sechin in AzerbaijanZardusht Alizadeh: Ilham Aliev does not need Sechin in Azerbaijan
One should not rule out  Yerevan being under Moscow pressure may reject  EU agreementOne should not rule out  Yerevan being under Moscow pressure may reject  EU agreement
Timur Urazaev: As  members  of EEU, either Armenia and  Kazakhstan  are Timur Urazaev: As  members  of EEU, either Armenia and  Kazakhstan  are "a priori"  factors for their partners in other EEUcountries.
Aghasi Yenokyan:  Anti Russian sanctions of USA both bring negative to Armenia and positiveAghasi Yenokyan:  Anti Russian sanctions of USA both bring negative to Armenia and positive
The Metsamor NPP functions under the control of the IAEA and   everything is said with that.The Metsamor NPP functions under the control of the IAEA and   everything is said with that.
GeoProMining - ten years of work for the benefit of the country, at the forefront of gold miningGeoProMining - ten years of work for the benefit of the country, at the forefront of gold mining
Edward Abrahamyan: The Edward Abrahamyan: The "Armenian" policy of Trump’s  administration is mostly  shaped by Yerevan reaction to Washington`s investment proposal 
Avigdor Eskin:  for Israel, the constructive relations between Armenia and Iran  are not a minus, but a plusAvigdor Eskin: for Israel, the constructive relations between Armenia and Iran are not a minus, but a plus
Alexander Krylov: Georgia gave up the role of democracy spotlight, the regional political center relocated to Armenia.Alexander Krylov: Georgia gave up the role of democracy spotlight, the regional political center relocated to Armenia.
Alexander Tsinker: Trump’s  team  hints upcoming renaissance of Big Mid East ProjectAlexander Tsinker: Trump’s  team  hints upcoming renaissance of Big Mid East Project
Vitali Naumkin: Russia  does not deal with Baku and Yerevan running with hare and hunting with hounds  Vitali Naumkin: Russia  does not deal with Baku and Yerevan running with hare and hunting with hounds  
Commented
Ara Kazaryan: According to Armenian new Constitution, National  Assembly should elect 4th PresidentAra Kazaryan: According to Armenian new Constitution, National  Assembly should elect 4th President
Edmond Marukyan: Edmond Marukyan: "Lusavor Hayastan"`s main goal is to build a  European state model in Armenia 
Russian expert advises Stepanakert to adopt the experience of Kurds  of Afrin in KarabakhRussian expert advises Stepanakert to adopt the experience of Kurds of Afrin in Karabakh
Radev: Armenia and Bulgaria can use the potential of multimodal  transportation through the Black Sea and the Persian GulfRadev: Armenia and Bulgaria can use the potential of multimodal transportation through the Black Sea and the Persian Gulf
International standards of road signs and signals will be applied in  ArmeniaInternational standards of road signs and signals will be applied in  Armenia
Eduard Sharmazanov pointed to the main messages of the visit of Serzh  Sargsyan to France and his speeches in PACEEduard Sharmazanov pointed to the main messages of the visit of Serzh Sargsyan to France and his speeches in PACE
Serzh Sargsyan answered questions of Azeri delegates Serzh Sargsyan answered questions of Azeri delegates 
Armenian Embassy on prohibition of entry of Zaruhi Postanjyan to  Georgia: Each country decides who to let into its territoryArmenian Embassy on prohibition of entry of Zaruhi Postanjyan to Georgia: Each country decides who to let into its territory
Armenia and Tajikistan cancel visa regimeArmenia and Tajikistan cancel visa regime
Karo Paylan stated that he received information about the upcoming  pogroms of Armenians in Europe only verbally Karo Paylan stated that he received information about the upcoming  pogroms of Armenians in Europe only verbally 
Dollar tranche of Ameriabank bonds was listed on Nasdaq OMX ArmeniaDollar tranche of Ameriabank bonds was listed on Nasdaq OMX Armenia
Tsaroukyan bloc will not nominate a candidate for the post of  Armenian President in 2018Tsaroukyan bloc will not nominate a candidate for the post of  Armenian President in 2018
Forecast: Ankara will cancel  the Russian S-400  contract under NATO  pressure or having achieved results of its own shantageForecast: Ankara will cancel  the Russian S-400  contract under NATO  pressure or having achieved results of its own shantage
Sharamazanov is sure: Serzh Sargsyan is irreplaceable cost-supervisorSharamazanov is sure: Serzh Sargsyan is irreplaceable cost-supervisor
Israeli Defense Minister once again questioned the fact of the  Armenian Genocide in Ottoman TurkeyIsraeli Defense Minister once again questioned the fact of the  Armenian Genocide in Ottoman Turkey
The recognition of the Armenian Genocide by Israel does not depend on  Middle East dynamics The recognition of the Armenian Genocide by Israel does not depend on  Middle East dynamics 
In Austria, the International Youth Forum In Austria, the International Youth Forum "The Future of European and  Eurasian Integration: Foresight 2040"
VTB Bank (Armenia) introduced a new product - VTB Bank (Armenia) introduced a new product - "Credit line to retired  persons" at zero rate
Erdogan brought Armenia to Georgia as an example of cooperation with  neighbors Erdogan brought Armenia to Georgia as an example of cooperation with neighbors
Standing Commission of the Parliament rejected the project of the Elk  faction on Armenia`s withdrawal from the EAEUStanding Commission of the Parliament rejected the project of the Elk  faction on Armenia`s withdrawal from the EAEU
The Armenian delegation to the PABSEC left the meeting room in  protestThe Armenian delegation to the PABSEC left the meeting room in  protest
The ruling party of Armenia keeps silent about the accusations of the  Russian Defense Ministry`s channel in the RPA`s commitment to fascismThe ruling party of Armenia keeps silent about the accusations of the  Russian Defense Ministry`s channel in the RPA`s commitment to fascism
Sharmazanov to his Belarusian colleague:  Ignoring the Armenian  Genocide provoked  Hitler`s fascismSharmazanov to his Belarusian colleague:  Ignoring the Armenian  Genocide provoked  Hitler`s fascism
Sharmazanov to Azerbaijani colleague: To draw parallels between  Karabakh, Kurdish and Catalan processes is illogical and illiterateSharmazanov to Azerbaijani colleague: To draw parallels between  Karabakh, Kurdish and Catalan processes is illogical and illiterate
Edmond Marukyan: Armenia has regressed in various areas without  signing an agreement with the EU in 2013Edmond Marukyan: Armenia has regressed in various areas without  signing an agreement with the EU in 2013
Sharmazanov: If the world does not recognize the self-determination  of Artsakh, then it should not recognize the self-determination of  the Soviet republicsSharmazanov: If the world does not recognize the self-determination  of Artsakh, then it should not recognize the self-determination of  the Soviet republics
Head of the State Food Security Service of Armenia considers it  inappropriate to implement GMO products on the territory of the  RepublicHead of the State Food Security Service of Armenia considers it  inappropriate to implement GMO products on the territory of the  Republic
Armenia will start vaccination of girls at the age of 13 from  papillomavirus from December 2017Armenia will start vaccination of girls at the age of 13 from  papillomavirus from December 2017
Analyst: Delivery of Artsakh territories as a result of Putin-Erdogan  deal is incapable to ensure long-term implementation of Armenian  interests Analyst: Delivery of Artsakh territories as a result of Putin-Erdogan  deal is incapable to ensure long-term implementation of Armenian  interests 
Expert: Our goal is not to fight GMOs, but to adopt laws that protect  the interests of Armenian farmers and consumersExpert: Our goal is not to fight GMOs, but to adopt laws that protect  the interests of Armenian farmers and consumers
Search by date