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 Monday, November 8 2021 12:50
Naira Badalian

Pashinyan on "Zangezur Corridor": The parties agreed on it in the  trilateral working group

Pashinyan on "Zangezur Corridor": The parties agreed on it in the  trilateral working group

ArmInfo.Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan touched upon the prospects of the so-called "Zangezur Corridor", noting that the topic was closed on November 9, 2020.

Thus, in an interview with Public Television, Nikol Pashinyan touched  upon the statement of the Russian Foreign Ministry published on the  anniversary of the trilateral statement of November 9, in particular,  touching on the clear position of the Russian side formulated in it  on the so-called "Zangezurz Corridor".  According to the statement of  the Russian Foreign Ministry, if the roads are opened, then the  countries through which the roads pass should have the sovereign  right to control these roads.

 " That topic had been closed still since November 9, 2020, when the  declaration was signed, and I have referred to this issue numerous  times. On the other hand, I must say that I highly appreciate the  publication of the position of the Russian Federation to this issue,  because, by and large, the Russian Federation has never had a  different position. It should be noted that the position of the  Russian Federation has simply been made public, or rather not the  position of only the Russian Federation, but also the position of  Azerbaijan, because, in fact, it is clearly stated that the parties  agreed on it in the trilateral working group.

And I would like to draw your attention to the recent statement made  by Turkey, where, yes, they use the term "corridor", but they say  that this "corridor" should be under the control of Armenia. In other  words, we can actually state that regardless of the preferences of  the wording, we are talking about the opening of regional  communications, I must say that the Republic of Armenia is interested  in the opening of regional communications, I have stated this  publicly many times. Azerbaijan is also interested, Russia is also  interested, the Islamic Republic of Iran is also interested, and  Turkey is also interested. The task is to bring closer and homogenize  the perceptions over formulas.

According to Nikol Pashinyan, in reality, the trilateral working  group has done an enormous job, (8 meetings were held in the format  of deputy prime ministers). "In fact, the trilateral working group  has done an enormous job, I highly appreciate the work done. I must  say that at first purely technical work was done, for example, what  roads existed, what roads can exist?"

Referring to the content of paragraph 9 of the statement of November  9 - on the opening of all economic and transport communications in  the region, Pashinyan noted: "I would like to refer to the  declaration of November 9 or 10 - there are different versions,  depending on the time zones, 9 or 10 - the content of the 9th point.  The 9th point says, the first sentence, "All transport and economic  communications of the regions should be opened". After that, there is  a reference to the fact that the Republic of Armenia guarantees the  transport communication between Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic of  Azerbaijan and Azerbaijan. After that, there is a reference to  building new transport communications with the consent of the sides.  What is this text about? This is about the that the existing  transport communications must be opened, if later it turns out that  the volume of cargo transportations is so large that we have to think  about new communications, then we have to think about new  communications.  By the way, it is very important to state - I have  said it several times before - our perception is that, yes,  Azerbaijan, we already mentioned it, should have the opportunity to  communicate with Nakhichevan through the territory of Armenia, the  sovereign territory of Armenia, and we do not deny it, we accept it  and we are ready. And our perception is that the Republic of Armenia,  in its turn, should have communication with the Russian Federation  and the Islamic Republic of Iran through the territory of Azerbaijan.   By the way, we are talking also about the following: When we say that  Azerbaijan will have communication with Nakhichevan, we say that it  will also have communication with Turkey. In other words, it cannot  be only about internal communications. We are also pursuing the topic  of international communication so that we can reach speedy solutions  there. This is the answer to the question of what the working group  has done?"

Pashinyan also noted: "The working group has written, drawn, studied  all possible routes: Ijevan-Kazakh section, Berd-Tovuz section,  Angeghakot-Bichenek section, Horadiz-Yeraskh section, Horadiz-Meghri-  Ordubad-Yeraskh section. And our perception is that the  Yeraskh-Ordubad-Meghri-Horadiz railway should be built, the Republic  of Armenia - in its territory, Azerbaijan - in its territory, and  this is also about the roads. In other words, the working group has  put on the table all possible routes, including those that have  access to the Russian Federation and the Islamic Republic of Iran.  And now we have to agree on those routes through discussions," at the  same time he emphasized that: "In reality, the technical part is the  most effort- consuming part, but not the most difficult. The most  difficult part is what I already said, the issue of formulas, based  on which formulas the communications should open and operate. By the  way, as for the formulas, I can say the following. I think it is  clearly mentioned in the trilateral statement of January 11 and also  the Co-chair of the working group, Deputy Prime Minister of Russia  Alexei Overchuk said recently that there should be customs, passport  and phytosanitary control at the border checkpoints. These are  nuances needing very gentle work and discussions."

He also added that:"This process goes on, but with some  difficulties. There are also technical issues and the working group  has presented how to resolve separate technical issues. However, the  rest remains in the realm of political decisions, which, of course,  cannot be free of influence of the existing technical foundations."  

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