ArmInfo. Armenian Human Rights Defender Arman Tatoyan touched upon demarcation issues and related facts from history in connection with this issue.
On his Facebook page, Tatoyan, in particular, wrote that in 1923, on the initiative of Stalin, presented in 1921, there was the province of "Red Kurdistan" was artificially created to divide Armenia and Artsakh. This division was made to cover with borders from Karvachar to the Iranian border and from Mrav to Araks. Moreover, at that time the territories that were partly part of the borders of Soviet Armenia were annexed to Azerbaijan (this issue requires a separate consideration). Archival documents related to the definition of the boundaries of that period are currently fundamental for the protection of the rights of residents of the border regions of Armenia. For example, in 1923, the Central Executive Committee of Transcaucasia formed a commission in October to resolve border disputes between Red Kurdistan and the Zangezur region of the Armenian SSR. At that time, work on the demarcation of the border with Azerbaijan continued with particular difficulties. In particular, various gangs attacked and plundered the Armenian border villages of Syunik from the territory of Kurdistan, there were constant clashes, theft of livestock from Armenian villagers. These violations of the border are evidenced by the archives of the Central Executive Committee of the Armenian SSR for March 1924, which were compiled on the basis of statements by the Zangezur Provincial Executive Committee. At that time, there were serious disputes over the delimitation of arable land, pastures, forests and even mountain peaks.
In 1926, a local commission was formed, which included Axel Bakunts, an excavator by profession and paying special attention to these issues. It is clear from his reports that the residents of the villages of Armenia suffered the most, and their rights were not taken into account. A. Bakunts in 1926 noted that when determining the boundaries of Zangezur, one should take into account the ties between villages, possible difficulties of people and economic ties, for example, the connection with Kapan. At that time, about 50% of the villagers worked in the Kapan copper mines. For example, on the issue of the borders between Meghri and Zangelan, the importance of winter pastures in the west was noted back in 1925. These pastures played a special role for the Armenian villagers of Syunik, who at that time had virtually no meadows.
Moreover, it was especially noted that without these pastures, the livestock farming of the surrounding villages would be paralyzed (the same situation is now). These historical facts show that at present the issue of demarcation is of fundamental importance for the rights of the border residents of Teg, Goris, Kapan, and other communities of the Syunik region, both in terms of their right to life and security, and in terms of socio-economic rights. They can be used not only by villagers to maintain their daily lives, but also in terms of economic rights.
Archival documents convincingly prove that the more vague border issues that are resolved with the help of today's unacceptable mechanical approaches, the more the rights of villagers will be violated, disputes and conflicts will arise. It should be borne in mind that now in the peaceful settlements of Armenia, in the immediate vicinity of the place of residence of civilians, there are Azerbaijani soldiers and armed people. "We must take into account all the mistakes made in the past, learn the necessary lessons from them and prevent violations of the rights of the people of Armenia," the Ombudsman said in a statement.